Cesare Scandellari

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Microdeletions of the Y chromosome represent the most frequent cause of male infertility, being responsible for 10-15% of cases of azoospermia or severe oligozoospermia. Such mutations localize in one or more loci named azoospermia factor (AZF) a, b and c. Mutations more frequently involve the DAZ gene in AZFc, and could determine both azoospermia and(More)
In this study we have investigated the arrangement of sex chromosomes in sperm from two severe oligozoospermic patients, apparently affected by the classic form of Klinefelter's syndrome (KS). Multicolor fluorescence in situ hybridization has been used to recognize chromosomes X, Y, and 8 in sperm from patients and 10 fertile men with normal 46,XY(More)
During chronic high-altitude (HA) exposure, basal and exercise-induced noradrenaline (NA) increases do not parallel blood pressure (BP) changes observed; unlike beta-adrenergic receptors, to our knowledge no data are available on alpha-receptors. We studied platelet alpha 2- and leucocyte beta-receptors and basal catecholamine levels in 11 trained climbers(More)
An interest in both biochemical and clinical carnitine investigation has recently developed. A more complete and extensive study is obtained if acetyl-carnitine as well as carnitine are investigated. This research, using an improved and simplified method for carnitine and acetyl-carnitine determination in the same sample (1 ml) without radioisotopic tracer(More)
In many human tissues, fuel is stored for immediate use, as well as for energy exchange between different parts of the body. Fat and glycogen represent, together with proteins, the principal energy storage materials. During energy requirement, e.g. muscular exercise, glycogen as a local reserve, is used first to supply energy needs. Acetyl-carnitine, as an(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether testicular cytology by fine needle aspiration (FNA) may be considered a diagnostic parameter in the evaluation of the azoospermic subject. DESIGN Cytologic smears were obtained using a 23-G needle, stained with May-Grünwald-Giemsa stain and examined under a light Orthoplan microscope (Wild, Leitz, Germany) for qualitative(More)
In three groups of normal subjects and in one group of patients with latent diabetes mellitus a study has been made of the effects of chlorpromazine (CPZ) on blood glucose and plasma insulin. CPZ 75 mg/day for 7 days did not alter the plasma insulin response after oral glucose; nor did CPZ 50 mg/day for 7 days affect the glucose assimilation rate or insulin(More)
Endogenous opioid peptides tonically inhibit LH by acting on hypothalamic mechanisms which regulate LHRH secretion. Opiates increase hypothalamic serotonin turnover but the involvement of the serotoninergic system in the opioid mechanisms regulating LH secretion in man is not clear at present. This study was designed to evaluate whether the tonic inhibitory(More)
The Alström syndrome is a rare, autosomal recessive disorder characterized by retinal degeneration, obesity, progressive hearing impairment, non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus and kidney and heart failure. Mental retardation is absent and the extremities are normal. The Alström syndrome gene located on chromosome 2, has been recently identified. The(More)
It has recently been observed that administration of bradykinin to diabetic patients improves peripheral glucose utilization. To verify whether there is an alteration of the kallikrein-kinin system in human diabetes, plasma kallikrein activity was measured in 47 diabetic patients and in 20 control subjects. In diabetics plasma kallikrein activity was(More)