Cephas Tagumirwa Musabayane

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Previous studies from our laboratories indicate that the anti-diabetic effects of Syzygium cordatum (Hochst.) [Myrtaceae] leaf extract in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats may be attributed in part to mixtures of triterpenes, oleanolic acid (3ss-hydroxy-olea-12-en-28-oic acid, OA) and ursolic acid (3ss -hydroxyl-urs-12-en-28-oic acid, UA). For the(More)
Previous observations indicate that Ficus thonningii (Blume) [Moraceae] stem-bark extracts may be useful in the control of diabetes mellitus. Accordingly, we investigated in some experimental animal paradigms the effects of F. thonningii stem-bark ethanolic extract (FTE) on renal and cardiovascular functions as complications of diabetes. Oral glucose(More)
We report successful oral administration of insulin entrapped in amidated pectin hydrogel beads in streptozotocin (STZ)-diabetic rats, with a concomitant reduction in plasma glucose concentration. The pectin-insulin (PI) beads were prepared by the gelation of humilin-pectin solutions in the presence of calcium. Separate groups of STZ-diabetic rats were(More)
Artemisinin combination therapies have decreased malaria associated morbidity and mortality in several parts of the world. On the other hand, malaria cases have increased in sub-Saharan Africa largely due to falciparum resistance to the most frequently used drugs (chloroquine and sulphadoxine/pyrimethamine (SP) combination). Therapeutic failure has also(More)
The present study investigates the hypoglycaemic effect of Syzygium cordatum (Hochst.) [Myrtaceae] leaf extract in non-diabetic and streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. Oral glucose tolerance tests (OGGT) were conducted in non-diabetic and STZ-diabetic rats using orally administered glucose (1.4 g 100 g(-1) body weight) followed by either the leaf(More)
Studies from our laboratories indicate that Syzygium cordatum leaf extract contains triterpene mixtures [oleanolic acid (OA) and ursolic acid (UA)] with hypoglycemic properties. The aims of this study were to investigate the hypoglycemic effects of Syzygium aromaticum-derived OA and whether OA influenced the blood glucose lowering effects of insulin in(More)
We have previously suggested that the increase in renal Na+ excretion in response to physiological doses of arginine vasopressin (AVP) is not directly linked to the V2-mediated antidiuretic effect. In the present study we investigated the possible involvement of AVP V1 receptors in this natriuresis using a specific AVP V1 antagonist [1-(beta-mercapto-beta,(More)
Studies indicate that hyperglycemia-induced oxidative stress triggers the development of microvascular and macrovascular complications in diabetes. Accordingly, we hypothesized that maslinic acid (MA) prevents these complications due to its antioxidant properties. We, therefore, investigated the effects of 5-week MA treatment of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of Helicrysum ceres root and leaf extracts on mean arterial blood pressure and renal fluid and electrolyte handling in anesthetized male Sprague-Dawley rats. DESIGN Cross sectional study. SETTING Departments of Physiology and Pharmacy, University of Zimbabwe. SUBJECTS Eight separate groups comprising of control and(More)
We postulated that chloroquine increases plasma arginine vasopressin (AVP) concentrations thus altering renal Na+ clearance. Therefore, we studied a relationship between plasma AVP concentrations and urinary Na+ output in separate groups of Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats administered chloroquine (3 micrograms/min) for 1 h 20 min. We also monitored Na+ excretion(More)