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Previous studies on diabetes have reported controversial results with regard to transporters in liver. The present study aimed to explore changes in hepatic breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) expression and functions, as well as the possible underlying mechanisms, in type 2 diabetic patients, type 1 (streptozotocin-induced), and type 2 (Goto Kakizaki)(More)
Alpha-naphthylisothiocyanate (ANIT) induces intra-hepatic cholestasis mixed with hepatocellular injury mainly by bile ductular damage. However, its direct effect on hepatic parenchymal cells (hepatocytes) is unclear. Sandwich-cultured rat hepatocytes (SCRH) were applied to clarify this question. Though cytotoxicity was not observed (0-180 μM) in(More)
Both high fat diet (HFD) and valproic acid (VPA) interfere with mitochondrial β-oxidation of fatty acids, which subsequently triggers microvesicular fatty liver and hepatic dysfunction. UDP-glucuronosyltransferases, the major phase II drug metabolism enzymes, play a pivotal role in detoxifying various exogenous and endogenous compounds. This study aimed to(More)
Oxidative stress has been proved to be a critical reason of regulating CYP450s under hepatic injury status. The study was aimed to investigate the effect of pretreatment of schisandra lignan extracts (SLE) and dimethyl diphenyl bicarboxylate (DDB) on expressions and activities of the main liver P450 isoenzymes in CCl4 induced liver injury rats and their(More)
TGR5, a GPCR, is involved in energy and glucose homeostasis, and as such, is a target for the treatment of diabetes, obesity and other metabolic syndromes. A new class of TGR5 agonists based on a 4-phenyl pyridine scaffold was designed, synthesized and evaluated in vitro and in vivo. Extensive structure-activity relationship studies are reported herein. The(More)
AIM To investigate the potential interactive effects of a high-fat diet (HFD) and valproic acid (VPA) on hepatic steatosis and hepatotoxicity in rats. METHODS Male SD rats were orally administered VPA (100 or 500 mg·kg⁻¹·d⁻¹) combined with HFD or a standard diet for 8 weeks. Blood and liver samples were analyzed to determine lipid levels and hepatic(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Mild hypothermia has been proved to reduce global and focal cerebral ischemic injury in rodents by preventing cellular apoptosis through several pathways. However, whether hypothermia will be beneficial for intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and its underlying mechanisms haven't reached a consensus. It has been implicated that endoplasmic(More)
MOTIVATION A principal objective of pharmacovigilance is to detect adverse drug reactions that are unknown or novel in terms of their clinical severity or frequency. One method is through inspection of spontaneous reporting system databases, which consist of millions of reports of patients experiencing adverse effects while taking one or more drugs. For(More)
The double digest restriction-site associated DNA sequencing technology (ddRAD-seq) is a reduced representation sequencing technology by sampling genome-wide enzyme loci developed on the basis of next-generation sequencing. ddRAD-seq has been widely applied to SNP marker development and genotyping on animals, especially on marine animals as the original(More)
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