Celso Francisco Hernandes Granato

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The aims of this study were to (i) evaluate the prevalence and the incidence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in hemodialysis patients in two different centers in São Paulo (Brazil), (ii) determine the time required to detect HCV infection among these patients by serology or PCR, (iii) establish the importance of alanine aminotransferase determination(More)
BACKGROUND Epidemiological and clinical data of human coronaviruses (HCoVs) infections are restricted to span 1-3 years at most. We conducted a comprehensive 9-year study on HCoVs by analyzing 1137 respiratory samples from four subsets of patients (asymptomatic, general community, with comorbidities, and hospitalized) in São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS A(More)
Influenza virus infections are associated with high morbidity and mortality. Influenza activity varies worldwide, and regional detection is influenced by geographic conditions, demographic and patient-risk factors. We assessed influenza activity and patterns of seasonality during three consecutive years (2001-2003) in three risk groups in São Paulo city.(More)
INTRODUCTION Data on hepatitis E virus (HEV) in Brazil are limited. We analyzed 15 years of HEV surveillance data in a major clinical laboratory in São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS The seroprevalence of HEV of 2,271 patients subjected to anti-HEV tests from 1998 to 2013 were analyzed. RESULTS HEV seroprevalence was 2.1%, and the anti-HEV IgM positivity rate(More)
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) serum markers (HBsAg, anti-HBs, anti-HBc) and antihepatitis C antibody (anti-HCV) were prospectively followed in haemodialysis and CAPD patients. From January 1987 to January 1990, 185 patients on haemodialysis and 124 on CAPD were analysed. Among patients susceptible to HBV (69 on haemodialysis and 70 on CAPD), there were 17 HBsAg(More)
We present two patients with central nervous system involvement as the unique clinical manifestation of histoplasmosis. A clinical review confirmed the infrequency of this form of the disease, overall in childhood, being one of these cases the youngest in Brazilian reports. Comments about the diversity of clinical presentation and main differential(More)
BACKGROUND The widespread use of prophylactic ganciclovir and anti-lymphocyte/thymocyte therapies are associated with increased induction of ganciclovir-resistant cytomegalovirus (CMV) strains. The use of sirolimus has been associated with a lower incidence of CMV infection in transplant recipients. We questioned whether it could also be effective as a(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) causes infectious hepatitis worldwide. It is transmitted mainly by blood products and sharing of intravenous paraphernalia during illicit drug use. High prevalence rates have been described among specific groups considered to be at higher risk for HCV infection, including prison inmates. The objectives of this study were: to(More)
Influenza-like illness (ILI) definitions have been used worldwide for influenza surveillance. These different case definitions can vary with regard to sensitivity and predictive values for laboratory confirmed influenza. The literature has indicated the inclusion of other viruses may be the cause of these variable results. The objective of the study was to(More)
Sera from 653 female prostitutes and 153 male sexual clients living in the city of Santos, São Paulo, Brazil, were tested for the presence of antibodies to human T cell lymphotropic virus types I and II. Seroprevalence for HTLV-I in the females was 2.8% and in the males 2.0%. Infection by HTLV-II could not be demonstrated. Seropositivity to HTLV-I was not(More)