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The anisotropic, inhomogeneous, multiply collagenous architecture of the annulus reflects the complex pattern of mainly tensile stresses developed in this region of the disc during normal function. Structural and mechanical responses of fully hydrated in-plane sections taken from within single lamellae of the outer annulus of healthy bovine caudal discs(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the structural mechanisms that create cohesion between the concentric lamellae comprising the disc annulus. Sections, 50-60 microm thick, were obtained using a carefully chosen cutting plane that incorporated the fibrous component in alternating lamellae as in-plane and cross-sectioned arrays. These sections were(More)
The implementation of new methods of oseoporotic therapy requires tests on an animal model. One of the best is the sheep, whose numerous advantages over other models are described in the literature. The aim of this study was induction of osteoporosis using steroids and ovariorectomy methods in sheep and description of the change in parameters with regard to(More)
PURPOSE To compare stability and subsidence associated with 3 types of cervical spine stabilisation. METHODS The C3 to C4 vertebrae of 28 Polish pigs were used. Pigs with intact vertebrae (group 1) underwent standard anterior cervical discectomy (group 2), followed by stabilisation using a cage alone (group 3), a cage with plate (group 4), or a plate-cage(More)
STUDY DESIGN Microstructural/micromechanical investigation of pathways of anular wall disruption. OBJECTIVE To investigate the fundamental mechanisms by which both intralamellar and interlamellar relationships are disrupted by nuclear pressurization. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Understanding how anular failure might occur following increased nuclear(More)
Background. In this paper are presented problems with the usage of transpedicular spine fixators. The purpose of this work was to define the value of pull-out strength of transpedicular screw from vertebrae. Impact of geometrical parameters of transpedicular screw (length and diameter of screw thread part, screw design) on value of pull-out strength was(More)
Among the currently used methods of monitoring human tissues and their components many types of research are distinguished. These include spectroscopic techniques. The advantage of these techniques is the small amount of sample required, the rapid process of recording the spectra, and most importantly in the case of biological samples - preparation of(More)
Pure and calcium-doped silica and titanium dioxide thin films were prepared by the sol-gel method. Two different metallic substrates, i.e. stainless steel (316L) and titanium alloy (Ti6Al4V), were used for thin film deposition. Physicochemical properties and roughness of the thin films derived were investigated using the Raman spectroscopy, X-ray(More)
The problem of the loosening and pullout of bone screws in cervical spine stabilisation is a significant factor in failed implantations of that spine region. Therefore, studies were undertaken to determine the impact of the loading history of bone screws of the cervical spine, inserted from the anterior approach, on the stability of the screw-bone(More)
Among the currently used methods of monitoring human tissues and their components many types of research are distinguished. These include spectroscopic techniques. The advantage of these techniques is the small amount of sample required the rapid process of recording the spectra, and most importantly in the case of biological samples - preparation of(More)