Celina Monteiro da Cruz Lotufo

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Morphine is one of the most prescribed and effective drugs used for the treatment of acute and chronic pain conditions. In addition to its central effects, morphine can also produce peripheral analgesia. However, the mechanisms underlying this peripheral action of morphine have not yet been fully elucidated. Here, we show that the peripheral antinociceptive(More)
BACKGROUND In addition to their central effects, opioids cause peripheral analgesia. There is evidence showing that peripheral activation of kappa opioid receptors (KORs) inhibits inflammatory pain. Moreover, peripheral μ-opioid receptor (MOR) activation are able to direct block PGE(2)-induced ongoing hyperalgesia However, this effect was not tested for KOR(More)
The activation of the satellite glial cells (SGCs) surrounding the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons appears to play a role in pathological pain. We tested the hypothesis that fractalkine, which is constitutively expressed by primary nociceptive neurons, is the link between peripheral inflammation and the activation of SGCs and is thus responsible for the(More)
A considerable amount of evidence suggests that temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pain associated with temporomandibular disorder results, at least in part, from an inflammatory episode. Although histamine can cause pain, it is not clear whether this mediator induces nociception in the TMJ. In this study, we investigated the contribution of endogenous histamine(More)
The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of pertussis toxin (PTX) on inflammatory hypernociception measured by the rat paw pressure test and to elucidate the mechanism involved in this effect. In this test, prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) administered subcutaneously induces hypernociception via a mechanism associated with neuronal cAMP increase.(More)
It is well established that dorsal root ganglion (DRG) cells synthesize prostaglandin. However, the role that prostaglandin plays in the inflammatory hyperalgesia of peripheral tissue has not been established. Recently, we have successfully established a technique to inject drugs (3 μL) directly into the L5-DRG of rats, allowing in vivo identification of(More)
The present study evaluated the role of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) expressed in the dorsal root ganglia (DRG) in the inflammatory sensitization of peripheral nociceptor terminals to mechanical stimulation. Injection of NMDA into the fifth lumbar (L5)-DRG induced hyperalgesia in the rat hind paw with a profile similar to that of intraplantar(More)
Deficiency of adrenal hormones promotes exacerbated neutrophil influx into inflammatory sites. We investigated the effect of adrenal deficiency on neutrophil mobilization comparing adrenalectomized (ADX) male Wistar rats to sham-operated (SO) or non-manipulated (N) animals, as controls. Seven days after surgeries, the number of neutrophils in peripheral(More)
The pathophysiology of chronic inflammatory pain remains poorly understood. In this context, we developed an experimental model in which successive daily injection of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) for 14days into rat hind paws produces a persistent state of hypernociception (i.e. decrease in mechanical nociceptive threshold). This state persists for more than(More)
Microelectrode Arrays (MEA) are devices for long term electrophysiological recording of extracellular spontaneous or evocated activities on in vitro neuron culture. This work proposes and develops a framework for quantitative and morphological analysis of neuron cultures on MEAs, by processing their corresponding images, acquired by fluorescence microscopy.(More)
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