Celina Monteiro da Cruz Lotufo

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Morphine is one of the most prescribed and effective drugs used for the treatment of acute and chronic pain conditions. In addition to its central effects, morphine can also produce peripheral analgesia. However, the mechanisms underlying this peripheral action of morphine have not yet been fully elucidated. Here, we show that the peripheral antinociceptive(More)
nephrine produces a ␤-adrenergic receptor-mediated mechanical hy-peralgesia and in vitro sensitization of nociceptor-like neurons in the rat. Hyperalgesic and noci-ceptor sensitizing effects mediated by the ␤-adrenergic receptor were evaluated in the rat. Intradermal injection of epinephrine, the major endogenous ligand for the ␤-adrenergic receptor, into(More)
The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of pertussis toxin (PTX) on inflammatory hypernociception measured by the rat paw pressure test and to elucidate the mechanism involved in this effect. In this test, prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) administered subcutaneously induces hypernociception via a mechanism associated with neuronal cAMP increase.(More)
The hormone melatonin produced by the pineal gland during the daily dark phase regulates a variety of biological processes in mammals. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of melatonin and its precursor N-acetylserotonin on the microcirculation during acute inflammation. Arteriolar diameter, blood flow rate, leukocyte rolling and adhesion were(More)
The activation of the satellite glial cells (SGCs) surrounding the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons appears to play a role in pathological pain. We tested the hypothesis that fractalkine, which is constitutively expressed by primary nociceptive neurons, is the link between peripheral inflammation and the activation of SGCs and is thus responsible for the(More)
Hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) is an endogenous gas involved in several biological functions, including modulation of nociception. However, the mechanisms involved in such modulation are not fully elucidated. The present study demonstrated that the pretreatment of mice with PAG, a H(2)S synthesis inhibitor, reduced LPS-induced mechanical paw hypernociception.(More)
BACKGROUND In addition to their central effects, opioids cause peripheral analgesia. There is evidence showing that peripheral activation of kappa opioid receptors (KORs) inhibits inflammatory pain. Moreover, peripheral μ-opioid receptor (MOR) activation are able to direct block PGE(2)-induced ongoing hyperalgesia However, this effect was not tested for KOR(More)
RATIONALE The failure of neutrophils to migrate to an infection focus during severe sepsis is an important determinant of the inability of a host to deal with an infectious insult. Our laboratory has shown that inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) induction and NO production contribute to the failure of neutrophils to migrate in the context of sepsis. (More)
A considerable amount of evidence suggests that temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pain associated with temporomandibular disorder results, at least in part, from an inflammatory episode. Although histamine can cause pain, it is not clear whether this mediator induces nociception in the TMJ. In this study, we investigated the contribution of endogenous histamine(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of melatonin on the inflammatory increase in vascular permeability. Vascular permeability was stimulated by a nonspecific pro-inflammatory agent (carrageenan), by drugs that disrupt endothelial cells junction (histamine, serotonin or bradykinin) or drugs that promote neutrophil recruitment (leukotriene B4(More)