Celia Regina Ambiel

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The mechanisms underlying improvement of neuromuscular transmission deficits by glucocorticoids are still a matter of debate despite these compounds have been used for decades in the treatment of autoimmune myasthenic syndromes. Besides their immunosuppressive action, corticosteroids may directly facilitate transmitter release during high-frequency motor(More)
1. L-Arginine (4.7-9.5 mM) induced an increase in the amplitude of muscular contraction (AMC) evoked by nerve stimulation of rat diaphragm preparations, but produced a reduction of the AMC evoked by direct stimulation of muscles previously treated with d-tubocurarine. The facilitatory dose of L-arginine was ineffective in changing the twitch tension evoked(More)
Neuromuscular transmission is clinically monitored using the train-of-four ratio (TOFratio), which is the quotient between twitch tension produced by the fourth (T4) and by the first (T1) stimulus within a train-of-four stimulation at 2Hz. Neostigmine causes a paradoxical depression of the TOFratio (TOFfade) that is amplified by intra-arterial atropine in(More)
This study was undertaken to investigate the mechanism by which the toxin from the bee venom, apamin, might exert beneficial effects in patients suffering from myotonic dystrophy. The effects of apamin were compared with those produced by another potassium channel blocker, 4-aminopyridine, on rat hemidiaphragm preparations stimulated at a 100 Hz frequency(More)
Nitric oxide (NO)-synthase is present in diaphragm, phrenic nerve and vascular smooth muscle. It has been shown that the NO precursor L-arginine (L-Arg) at the presynaptic level increases the amplitude of muscular contraction (AMC) and induces tetanic fade when the muscle is indirectly stimulated at low and high frequencies, respectively. However, the(More)
L-Arginine (4.7-18.8 mM) and 3-(4-morpholinyl)-sydonone imine hydrochloride (SIN-1; 1.15 mM) induced an increase in tetanic fade caused by indirect stimulation (180-200 Hz) of muscle. However, Wedensky inhibition, different from control, was not observed when the preparations treated with d-tubocurarine were directly stimulated by the same frequency.(More)
Previous data from our laboratory have indicated that nitric oxide (NO) acting at the presynaptic level increases the amplitude of muscular contraction (AMC) of the phrenic-diaphragm preparations isolated from indirectly stimulated rats, but, by acting at the postsynaptic level, it reduces the AMC when the preparations are directly stimulated. In the(More)
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