Celia C. H. Chen

Learn More
The crystal structure of pyruvate phosphate dikinase, a histidyl multiphosphotransfer enzyme that synthesizes adenosine triphosphate, reveals a three-domain molecule in which the phosphohistidine domain is flanked by the nucleotide and the phosphoenolpyruvate/pyruvate domains, with the two substrate binding sites approximately 45 angstroms apart. The modes(More)
Bacterial transport of many sugars, coupled to their phosphorylation, is carried out by the phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP):sugar phosphotransferase system and involves five phosphoryl group transfer reactions. Sugar translocation initiates with the Mg(2+)-dependent phosphorylation of enzyme I (EI) by PEP. Crystals of Escherichia coli EI were obtained by mixing(More)
Crystals of pyruvate phosphate dikinase in complex with a substrate analogue inhibitor, phosphonopyruvate (K(i) = 3 microM), have been obtained in the presence of Mg(2+). The structure has been determined and refined at 2.2 A resolution, revealing that the Mg(2+)-bound phosphonopyruvate binds in the alpha/beta-barrel's central channel, at the C-termini of(More)
Phosphonopyruvate (P-pyr) hydrolase (PPH), a member of the phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) mutase/isocitrate lyase (PEPM/ICL) superfamily, hydrolyzes P-pyr and shares the highest sequence identity and functional similarity with PEPM. Recombinant PPH from Variovorax sp. Pal2 was expressed in Escherichia coli and purified to homogeneity. Analytical gel filtration(More)
Phosphonates allow certain organisms to thrive in otherwise hostile environments, and 2-aminoethylphosphonate (AEP) is a precursor of many cellular phosphonates. AEP transaminase (AEPT) is an enzyme essential to phosphonate synthesis and degradation pathways. The crystal structure of AEP transaminase was determined by multiwavelength anomalous diffraction(More)
The crystal structure of beta-lactamase from Staphylococcus aureus inactivated by p-nitrophenyl[[N-(benzyloxycarbonyl)amino]methyl]phosphonate, a methylphosphonate monoester monoanion inhibitor, has been determined and refined at 2.3 A resolution. The structure reveals a tetrahedral phosphorus covalently bonded to the O gamma atom of the active site serine,(More)
Pyruvate phosphate dikinase (PPDK) catalyzes the reversible conversion of phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP), AMP, and Pi to pyruvate and ATP. The enzyme contains two remotely located reaction centers: the nucleotide partial reaction takes place at the N-terminal domain, and the PEP/pyruvate partial reaction takes place at the C-terminal domain. A central domain,(More)
Crystallographic studies of the complex between beta-lactamase and clavulanate reveal a structure of two acyl-enzymes with covalent bonds at the active site Ser70, representing two different stages of inhibitor degradation alternately occupying the active site. Models that are consistent with biochemical data are derived from the electron density map and(More)
Two mutant beta-lactamases from Staphylococcus aureus PC1 which probe key catalytic residues have been produced by site-directed mutagenesis. In the S70A enzyme, the nucleophilic group that attacks the beta-lactam carbonyl carbon atom was eliminated. Consequently, the kcat values for hydrolysis of benzylpenicillin and nitrocefin have been reduced by(More)
The hydrolysis of beta-lactam antibiotics by the serine-beta-lactamases proceeds via an acyl-enzyme intermediate. In the class A enzymes, a key catalytic residue, Glu166, activates a water molecule for nucleophilic attack on the acyl-enzyme intermediate. The active site architecture raises the possibility that the location of the catalytic carboxylate group(More)