Celia Bovijn

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Toll-like receptor signaling requires interactions of the Toll/IL-1 receptor (TIR) domains of the receptor and adapter proteins. Using the mammalian protein-protein interaction trap strategy, homology modeling, and site-directed mutagenesis, we identify the interaction surfaces in the TLR4 TIR domain for the TLR4-TLR4, TLR4-MyD88 adapter-like (MAL), and(More)
Upon activation, Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) binds adapter proteins, including MyD88 (myeloid differentiation primary response gene 88) and Mal (MyD88 adapter-like) for its signal transduction. TLR4 and the adapter proteins each contain a Toll/Il-1 receptor domain (TIR domain). In this study we used random mutagenesis and the mammalian two-hybrid method(More)
Recognition of lipopolysaccharides (LPS) by Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) at the plasma membrane triggers NF-κB activation through recruitment of the adaptor proteins Mal and MyD88. Endocytosis of the activated TLR4 allows recruitment of the adaptors Tram and Trif, leading to activation of the transcription factor IRF3 and interferon production. The small(More)
Members of the Toll-like receptor and interleukin-1 (IL-1) receptor families all signal via Toll/IL-1R (TIR) domain-driven assemblies with adaptors such as MyD88. We here combine the mammalian two-hybrid system MAPPIT and saturation mutagenesis to complement and extend crystallographic and nuclear magnetic resonance data, and reveal how TIR domains(More)
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are crucial components of innate immunity, ensuring efficient responses against invading pathogens. After ligand binding, TLR signaling is initiated by recruitment of adaptor molecules, a step mediated by homotypic Toll-IL-1 receptor (TIR) domain interactions. Four TIR-containing TLR adaptor molecules are described, all of which(More)
The mammalian two-hybrid system MAPPIT allows the detection of protein-protein interactions in intact human cells. We developed a random mutagenesis screening strategy based on MAPPIT to detect mutations that disrupt the interaction of one protein with multiple protein interactors simultaneously. The strategy was used to detect residues of the human(More)
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