Celeste Sauls

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Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) occurs in 31% to 43% of infants weighing less than 1500 g. Intraventricular hemorrhage is rarely an isolated lesion at autopsy. To document associated cerebral abnormality, 24 brains of infants with a diagnosis of IVH and who survived for at least one week were examined. The diagnosis was verified in 20 infants. Choroid(More)
BACKGROUND High rates of patient attrition from care between HIV testing and antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation have been documented in sub-Saharan Africa, contributing to persistently low CD4 cell counts at treatment initiation. One reason for this is that starting ART in many countries is a lengthy and burdensome process, imposing long waits and(More)
INTRODUCTION Cervical cancer is the most common cancer among women in Sub-Saharan Africa. Cervical cancer is treatable if detected timeously, yet only 20% of South African women have ever been for a Pap smear in their lifetime due to limited access to screening, transport or child care responsibilities. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the acceptability of(More)
BACKGROUND While most HIV care is provided on an outpatient basis, hospitals continue to treat serious HIV-related admissions, which is relatively resource-intensive and expensive. This study reports the primary reasons for HIV-related admission at a regional, urban hospital in Johannesburg, South Africa and estimates the associated lengths of stay and(More)
Recombinant DNA techniques are contributing to the understanding of the pathogeneses of genetic, neoplastic, and viral diseases, and are used in the diagnosis of certain genetic and viral diseases. Such techniques will have wider application in the future and will play an increasing role in the clinical laboratory. The technology of this field rests upon(More)
There are errors in the Funding section. The correct funding information is as follows: This project was supported by the President's Emergency Program For AIDS Relief and the NIH Office of AIDS Research, through NIH Grant Number U01 AI100015 to author SR at Boston University, from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID). Its(More)
BACKGROUND In 2010 South Africa revised its HIV treatment guidelines to allow the initiation and management of patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART) by nurses, rather than solely doctors, under a program called NIMART (Nurse Initiated and Managed Antiretroviral Therapy). We compared the outcomes and costs of NIMART between the two major public sector HIV(More)
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