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The community members of Libby, MT, have experienced significant asbestos exposure and developed numerous asbestos-related diseases including fibrosis and lung cancer due to an asbestos-contaminated vermiculite mine near the community. The form of asbestos in the contaminated vermiculite has been characterized in the amphibole family of fibers. However, the(More)
Tumor cell lines that can be tracked in vivo during tumorigenesis and metastasis provide vital tools for studying the specific cellular mechanisms that mediate these processes as well as investigating therapeutic targets to inhibit them. The goal of this study was to engineer imageable mouse mammary tumor cell lines with discrete propensities to metastasize(More)
Oxidative damage to DNA has been associated with neurodegenerative diseases. Developmental exposure to lead (Pb) has been shown to elevate the Alzheimer's disease (AD) related beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta), which is known to generate reactive oxygen species in the aging brain. This study measures the lifetime cerebral 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (oxo8dG)(More)
Determination of the promutagenic base 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (oxo(8)dG) has been the hallmark of studies aimed to determine oxidative damage to DNA. Different techniques including HPLC, GC-mass spectrometry, DNA sensitive sites and histology have been used to quantify oxo(8)dG levels in samples from different sources. The most accepted and(More)
Cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (Cdk5) has been identified as a determinant of sensitivity to poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors. Here, the consequences of its depletion on cell survival, PARP activity, the recruitment of base excision repair (BER) proteins to DNA damage sites, and overall DNA single-strand break (SSB) repair were investigated using(More)
Onset of Parkinson's disease (PD) and Parkinson-like syndromes has been associated with exposure to diverse environmental stimuli. Epidemiological studies have demonstrated that exposure to elevated levels of manganese produces neuropathological changes localized to the basal ganglia, including neuronal loss and depletions in striatal dopamine content.(More)
Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-2 (PARP-2) activity contributes to a cells’ poly(ADP-ribosyl)ating potential and like PARP-1, has been implicated in several DNA repair pathways including base excision repair and DNA single strand break repair. Here the consequences of its stable depletion in HeLa, U20S, and AS3WT2 cells were examined. All three PARP-2 depleted(More)
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