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Evidence in laboratory animals indicates that exposure to stimulants produces sensitization to their rewarding effects, a process that in humans would be expected to increase the risk of substance abuse. However, therapeutic administration of stimulants such as methylphenidate (MPH) in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder reportedly(More)
We report that FG-7142 (20 mg/kg) differentially increased c-fos in the prefrontal cortex, nucleus accumbens, and striatum of rats 10, 18, 45, and 100 days of age. FG-7142 selectively activated the cortex in adults (70.7+/-3.0%), but the pattern was stronger in nucleus accumbens (83.4+/-9.8%) in younger subjects. These results are consistent with the(More)
The unique maturational period of adolescence is replete with numerous changes in anatomy and function that may yield clues as to why drug abuse emerges at this stage. The behavioral effects of amphetamine are diminished during periadolescence (35 days) relative to younger (21 days) and older (>60 days) rats, prompting us to examine amphetamine effects on(More)
The retinoic acid-generating enzyme, aldehyde dehydrogenase (AHD), is expressed in a subpopulation of dopaminergic neurons found in the substantia nigra. Using AHD and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) as immunohistochemical markers, we determined whether differential dissection of the embryonic (E16) ventral mesencephalon (VM) into its lateral and medial portions(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common neurodegenerative disorder that causes cognitive deficits in the elderly. Its neuropathology is characterized by amyloid deposition and specific cholinergic degeneration. To address the link between amyloid formation and cholinergic loss, we examined histologically the amyloid precursor protein (APP) changes(More)
Adults rats were lesioned with 192-IgG-saporin, an immunotoxin that targets cholinergic neurons in the basal forebrain expressing the low-affinity nerve growth factor receptor (p75). One month later, rats received E30-35 porcine cholinergic neurons bilaterally into the hippocampus, and were tested in the Morris water maze and the passive avoidance task(More)
The anatomical specificity of axon growth from fetal pig septal xenografts was studied by transplanting septal cells from E30-35 pig fetuses into cholinergic deafferented (192-IgG-saporin-infused) rats or into aged rats (> 18 months). Cell suspensions (100,000 cells/microl) were injected bilaterally into the dorsal and ventral hippocampus of(More)
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