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In the present study, we examined the effects of intrathecal pretreatment (twice daily injections on postoperative (PO) days 0-3 with the selective Group I (mGluR1a) mGluR antagonist, (RS)-1-aminoindan-1,5-dicarboxylic acid ((RS)-AIDA), the selective Group I (mGluR5a) antagonist, 2-methyl-6-(phenylethynyl)-pyridine (MPEP), the selective Group II mGluR(More)
Event-related brain potential paradigms for the detection of concealed information commonly involve presenting probes embedded within a series of irrelevant items. This study investigated the impact of similarity of the irrelevant items with the probe. For the task, a card was shown followed by the sequential presentation of six "test" cards, one of which(More)
The effects of treatment with the anti-convulsant agents, lamotrigine and riluzole were compared with gabapentin in a rat experimental model of neuropathic pain. Rats were treated intraperitoneally, with gabapentin (30, 100 and 300 mg/kg), lamotrigine (2, 10 and 50 mg/kg) or riluzole (6 and 12 mg/kg) prior to, and every 12 h for 4 days following chronic(More)
1. Nerve injury often produces long-lasting spontaneous pain, hyperalgesia and allodynia that are refractory to treatment, being only partially relieved by clinical analgesics, and often insensitive to morphine. With the aim of assessing its therapeutic potential, we examined the effect of antisense oligonucleotide knockdown of spinal metabotropic glutamate(More)
Event-related brain potentials (ERPs) were recorded during a computerized and modified version of the Digit Span Backwards (DB) task from the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Third Edition (WAIS-III). The modified DB version (ERP-DB task) was divided into two sections of 2, 4, 6 and 8 digits in length (Group 1) and 3, 5 and 7 digits in length (Group 2).(More)
We examined whether enhanced glutamate release contributes to the expression of persistent spontaneous nociceptive behaviours (SNBs) in rats induced by intrathecal (i.t.) administration of the selective group I mGluR agonist, (RS)-3,5-dihydroxyphenylglycine ((RS)-DHPG). Pretreatment with drugs that have been shown to inhibit glutamate release, including a(More)
Gabapentin is an anticonvulsant that successfully treats many neuropathic pain syndromes, although the mechanism of its antihyperalgesic action remains elusive. This study aims to help delineate gabapentin's antihyperalgesic mechanisms. We assessed the effectiveness of gabapentin at decreasing mechanical and cold hypersensitivity induced in a rat model of(More)
OBJECTIVE This study investigated the effectiveness of an ERP-compatible Digit Span Backward (ERP-DB) task to determine working memory abilities in healthy participants. METHODS Participants were administered both the standard digit span backward and ERP-DB tasks. The ERP-DB task was divided into two sections, consisting of 2, 4, 6 and 8 (Group 1) and 3,(More)
This study investigated eyewitness identification using ERPs. Twenty participants completed two eyewitness lineup tasks (standard and deception conditions). For the standard condition, participants tried to accurately identify the culprit, whereas in the deception condition, they were asked to deceptively conceal their recognition of the culprit.(More)
This study investigated the use of event-related brain potentials (ERPs) as a neurophysiological measure of eyewitness identification accuracy during a lineup task (ERP-lineup). Time delay between viewing the crime and completing the ERP-lineup (no-delay, 1-h delay and 1-week delay conditions) and culprit presence or absence were also manipulated. Results(More)
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