Celene Grayson

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The X-linked retinitis pigmentosa (XLRP) gene, RP2, codes for a novel 350 amino acid protein of unknown function. We have identified putative sites for N-terminal acyl modification by myristoylation and palmitoylation in the RP2 protein. The RP2 protein is expressed ubiquitously in human tissues at relatively low levels (0.01% of total protein) and has a(More)
Mutations in the retinitis pigmentosa 2 (RP2) gene cause a severe form of X-linked retinal degeneration. RP2 is a ubiquitous 350 amino acid plasma membrane-associated protein, which shares homology with the tubulin-specific chaperone cofactor C. RP2 protein, like cofactor C, stimulates the GTPase activity of tubulin in combination with cofactor D. RP2 has(More)
X-linked retinoschisis is characterized by microcystic-like changes of the macular region and schisis within the inner retinal layers, leading to visual deterioration in males. Many missense and protein-truncating mutations of the causative gene RS1 have now been identified and are thought to be inactivating. RS1 encodes a 224 amino acid protein,(More)
Cholesteryl ester rich apolipoprotein B100 (apoB100) lipoproteins accumulate in Bruch's membrane before the development of age-related macular degeneration. It is not known if these lipoproteins come from the circulation or local ocular tissue. Emerging, but incomplete evidence suggests that the retinal pigmented epithelium (RPE) can secrete lipoproteins.(More)
Mutations in RP2 cause X-linked retinitis pigmentosa and also macular and peripapillary atrophy. RP2 is a functional homologue of the tubulin folding cofactor, cofactor C, as it can replace the beta tubulin GTPase stimulating activity of cofactor C in an in vitro assay. An important difference between RP2 and cofactor C is their subcellular localization.(More)
Inherited retinal dystrophy is a major cause of blindness worldwide. Recent molecular studies have suggested that protein folding and molecular chaperones might play a major role in the pathogenesis of these degenerations. Incorrect protein folding could be a common consequence of causative mutations in retinal degeneration disease genes, particularly(More)
ELOVL4 (elongation of very long chain fatty acids 4) is a member of the ELO family of proteins involved in the biosynthesis of very long chain fatty acids. Protein truncation mutations in ELOVL4 have been identified in patients with autosomal dominant Stargardt-like macular degeneration. To determine whether a dominant negative mechanism is responsible for(More)
Diets containing 13% protein supplied by wheat gluten (WG), wheat gluten + lysine + threonine (WGLT), or casein + methionine (CM) were fed to pregnant rats from conception through day 15 of lactation. A crossover design was used with combinations of WG, WGLT, and CM during pregnancy and lactation. Out of six dams fed WG during both pregnancy and lactation(More)