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BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES Postprandial hyperlipidemia, which is exaggerated and prolonged in insulin-resistant individuals, has been associated with cardiovascular disease. The objective of this study was to investigate whether and how the composition, size and function of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) particles are affected(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) may play a pathophysiological role in the development of diabetic nephropathy (DN). We hypothesized that urinary MMP activity in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is related to a decline in renal function. We determined MMP-2, -8 and -9 activity in 24-h urine collections in relation to risk factors for DN in T2DM(More)
OBJECTIVE Liver fat is associated with dyslipidemia following a fat load. Previous studies demonstrated that alimentary fat is temporarily retained within enterocytes and mobilized by subsequently ingested nutrients. As this potentially contributes to cumulative postprandial hyperlipidemia, we assessed postprandial lipoprotein changes and their association(More)
OBJECTIVE Mental health and cardiovascular disease have been associated, whereas the temporal course and underlying mechanisms are still incompletely understood. Our aims were to examine the presence of subclinical atherosclerosis in subjects with depressive or anxiety disorder, also taking into account disorder characteristics (subtype, severity, duration,(More)
BACKGROUND Arterial stiffness gains attention as a potential mechanism underlying the frequently found association between depression or anxiety and cardiovascular disease. However, observations regarding stiffness and psychopathology were often based on small samples. The current study aimed to examine whether subjects with a diagnosis of depressive or(More)
Hypertriglyceridaemia is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease in patients suffering from Type II diabetes mellitus, and is due to enhanced synthesis and/or impaired clearance of triacylglycerol-rich lipoproteins. In the present study we investigated whether pseudocholinesterase (PChE) activity could serve as a marker for the rate of triacylglycerol(More)
BACKGROUND Both HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors and fibric acid derivates are used for the treatment of dyslipidemia in Type 2 diabetes patients. The aim of this study was to compare the lipid lowering effect of 40 mg pravastatin, a HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor, and 400 mg bezafibrate, a fibric acid derivate, on serum lipids, lipoproteins and lipoprotein(More)
We present a case of a 69-yr-old woman who developed cryptococcal meningo-encephalitis after 9 yr of corticosteroid therapy. The diagnosis was made on an India ink preparation and positive culture of the cerebrospinal fluid sediment. NMR-imaging was a useful tool for detecting intracerebral localisation of the infection. The patient was successfully treated(More)
BACKGROUND Depressive and anxiety disorders are highly overlapping, heterogeneous conditions that both have been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Cognitive vulnerability traits for these disorders could help to specify what exactly drives CVD risk in depressed and anxious subjects. Our aim is to examine sensitivity to(More)