Cees J. van Groeningen

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OBJECTIVES To determine the response rate and factors correlated with response of oligodendroglial tumors to procarbazine, lomustine (CCNU), and vincristine (PCV) chemotherapy. DESIGN Retrospective, observational multicenter study. METHODS Patients treated with PCV or intensified PCV chemotherapy for a recurrent oligodendroglial tumor after surgery and(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the cardioprotective effect of the semisynthetic flavonoid 7-monohydroxyethylrutoside (monoHER) on doxorubicin (DOX)-induced cardiotoxicity in a phase II study in patients with metastatic cancer. Eight patients with metastatic cancer were treated with DOX preceded by a 10 min i.v. infusion of 1500 mg m(-2)(More)
In cerebral glioma combination chemotherapy with procabazine, CCNU and vincristine (PCV) is used as adjuvant therapy in cases of recurrence. Standard PCV is usually well tolerated, but intensive PCV (CCNU 130 mg/m2 on day 1, procarbazine 75 mg/m2 on day 8-21, vincristine 1.4 mg/m2 on day 8 and 29; 6 courses every 6 weeks) is less well tolerated. We observed(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanism of action of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) has been associated with inhibition of thymidylate synthase (TS) and incorporation of 5-FU into RNA and DNA, but limited data are available in human tumor tissue for the latter. We therefore measured incorporation in human tumor biopsy specimens after administration of a test dose of 5-FU alone or(More)
The pharmacokinetics of 5-fluorouracil (5-FUra) was investigated in 21 patients with advanced cancer (mainly colorectal cancer). 5-FUra was administered as weekly i.v. bolus injections usually at a starting dose of 500 mg/m2. Every 4 weeks the dose was escalated by 20% until dose-limiting toxicity was observed. Whenever possible, pharmacokinetic studies(More)
Following chemotherapy for metastatic nonseminomatous testicular cancer, 86 patients with normal serum markers AFP and HCG underwent resection of residual tumour masses (63 laparotomy, 11 thoracotomy, 12 both). Prognostic factors for relapse and survival were analysed with Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox regression analysis. Putative prognostic factors included(More)
The effect of delayed uridine administration on the in vitro growth inhibitory effects of 5-fluorouracil (5FU) and on the in vivo antitumour activity and toxicity was studied. In vitro growth inhibition of the human intestinal cell lines WiDr and Intestine 407 by 3 microM 5FU could be reversed by 1.0 mM uridine; the effect was more pronounced with WiDr(More)
Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is a haematopoietic growth factor with a wide variety of applications in the clinic. In early phase I studies the continuous intravenous (c.i.) route of administration was often used. Later it was shown that subcutaneous (s.c.) administration was also effective. The optimal route of administration(More)
We evaluated the effects of 5-fluorouracil (5FU) and leucovorin (LV) on thymidylate synthase (TS) in normal rapidly dividing tissues, which may contribute to toxic side-effects of treatment with 5FU and LV. TS levels were determined in biopsies of human liver and colon mucosa and murine bone marrow, liver and intestinal mucosa at several time points after(More)
PURPOSE The main advantage of administering chemotherapy by means of hepatic arterial infusion (HAI) is the achievement of a high concentration of the drug in the liver. Irinotecan (CPT-11) is an active agent for the treatment of advanced colorectal cancer and other tumor types, which frequently metastasize in the liver. We performed a Phase I and(More)