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Secretions of male accessory glands contain a variety of bioactive molecules. When transferred during mating, these molecules exert wide-ranging effects on female reproductive activity and they improve the male's chances of siring a significant proportion of the female's offspring. The accessory gland secretions may affect virtually all aspects of the(More)
The concentration of ferulic acid (FA), the major phenolic acid in the wheat kernel, was found to differ significantly in the mature grain of six wheat cultivars known to have a range of tolerance to the orange wheat blossom midge (Sitodiplosis mosellana). Differences in FA content were correlated with floret infestation level of the cultivars. The wheat(More)
The peritrophic matrix (PM) is a chitin and glycoprotein layer that lines the invertebrate midgut. Although structurally different, it is functionally similar to the mucous secretions of the vertebrate digestive tract. The PM is a physical barrier, protecting the midgut epithelium from abrasive food particles, digestive enzymes, and pathogens infectious per(More)
(R)-Deprenyl, the archetypical monoamine oxidase-B inhibitor, has been shown to increase life-span in a number of species. Although many theories for this effect have been suggested, for example, an increase in superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, the mechanism of action has yet to be elucidated. To investigate this phenomenon, we have examined the effects(More)
Virgin females of Lucilia cuprinararely lay eggs, whereas mated females do so readily. This effect of mating is due entirely to increased readiness to lay, and not to any effect on ovarian development. An investigation was made of how readiness to lay was affected by matings which differed in terms of the male's chemical and mechanical contribution.(More)
The peritrophic matrix (PM) of Plutella xylostella larvae was found to contain twelve integral and eighteen loosely associated proteins. An antiserum against Mamestra configurata integral PM proteins cross-reacted with several P. xylostella PM proteins and was used to isolate a partial cDNA encoding an insect intestinal mucin (PxIIM). PxIIM was expressed(More)
One- and two-dimensional gel electrophoresis coupled with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) was used to identify cDNA encoding a chitin deacetylase (McCDA1) and three insect intestinal lipases (McIIL1, McIIL2 and McIIL3) associated with the Mamestra configurata (bertha armyworm) peritrophic matrix. Recombinant McCDA1 was active and(More)
To infect per os, baculovirus virions cross the peritrophic matrix (PM) to reach the midgut epithelium. Insect intestinal mucins (IIMs) are PM proteins that protect the PM and aid passage of the food bolus through the gut. Some baculoviruses, including Mamestra configurata nucleopolyhedrovirus (MacoNPV-A), encode metalloproteases, known as enhancins, that(More)