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BACKGROUND The aim of this prospective, population-based study is to present the incidence of hospital-treated traumatic brain injury (TBI) in Oslo, Norway, and to describe the severity of brain injuries and outcome of the patients' acute medical care. METHODS Data were obtained from hospital admission registers and medical records from May 2005 to May(More)
AIMS The aims of this study were to assess the incidence of hospital-admitted severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) in the adult population in Norway, and to determine whether there were differences in the epidemiological characteristics of severe TBI between rural and urban regions. METHODS A prospective population-based study on adults with severe TBI(More)
Outcome studies on traumatic brain injury (TBI) have shown that functional status can be predicted by demographic, injury severity, and trauma-related factors. Concurrent cognitive functions as one of the determinants of functional outcome is less documented. This study evaluated the effects of concurrent neuropsychological measures on functional outcome 1(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the incidence of olfactory dysfunction across traumatic brain injury (TBI) severity and decision-making deficits with regard to intracranial lesions' location and laterality. METHOD A 1-year prospective study including 115 participants (16-55 years) with mild, moderate, and severe TBI. The Brief Smell Identification Test was used 3(More)
AIMS To describe health-related quality of life (HRQL) 2 years after moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) and to assess predictors of HRQL. MATERIALS AND METHODS A prospective cohort study of 91 patients, aged 16-55 years, admitted with moderate-to-severe TBI to a trauma referral centre between 2005 and 2007, with follow-up at 1 and 2 years.(More)
PURPOSE The main objectives of this study were to describe long-term self-reported balance problems and to explore their associations with post-concussion symptoms and performance-based tests. METHOD Prospective study of patients with mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). Self-reported balance problems and post-concussion symptoms were measured with the(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe employment outcomes and assess the impact of personal and environmental factors on employment outcomes 2 years after moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury. DESIGN/SUBJECTS A prospective cohort of 100 patients with moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury, aged 16-55 years, hospitalized in a Trauma Referral Centre during the(More)
There are currently no international guidelines regarding treatment in the early rehabilitation phase for persons with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), and only a few studies have investigated the effect of integrating rehabilitation into acute TBI care. The aim of the study was to evaluate whether a continuous chain of rehabilitation that begins with(More)
PRIMARY OBJECTIVES To examine trajectories of employment probability and stability over the first 5 years after traumatic brain injury (TBI) by using multi-level modelling and multinomial logistic regressions. RESEARCH DESIGN A longitudinal cohort study. METHODS AND PROCEDURES One hundred and five individuals with moderate-to-severe TBI who had been(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to assess disability and the physical and mental health status 1 year after traumatic brain injury (TBI), using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) as a conceptual model for understanding TBI disability. METHODS A prospective study of 85 patients with moderate-to-severe TBI(More)