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Polyadenylylated [poly(A)+] mRNA from HeLa cells that were labeled with [3H-methyl]-methionine and 14C-uridine was isolated by poly(U)-Sepharose chromatography. The presence of approximately two methyl groups per 1000 nucleotides of poly(A)+ RNA was calculated from the 3H/14C ratios and known degrees of methylation of 18S and 28S ribosomal RNAs. All four(More)
The 5'-terminal oligonucleotides m7G(5')ppp(5')NmpNp and m7G(5')ppp(5')NmpNmpNp were isolated by DEAE-cellulose column chromatography after enzymatic digestion of 32P- or methyl-3H-labeled poly(A)" HeLa cell mRNA. The recovery of such oligonucleotides indicated that a high percentage of mRNA has blocked termini. The dimethylated nucleoside, N6,(More)
Human prostate-specific antigen (PSA) has been widely used as a serum marker for cancer of the prostate. The cell type-specific expression of PSA also makes it a potential tumor antigen for prostate cancer immunotherapy. Study of the immunological aspects of PSA within either normal or malignant prostate tissue has been hampered by the lack of a mouse(More)
We constructed lambda recombinants containing the Harvey murine sarcoma virus genome and the thymidine kinase (tk) gene of herpes simplex virus type 1 linked to each other. The tk gene was located in a position downstream from both the long terminal repeat and the src gene of Harvey murine sarcoma virus. The DNAs of the lambda recombinants were used to(More)
Tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) cDNA derived from human uterine mRNA was inserted into different yeast expression vectors. All such expression plasmids carried a yeast acid phosphatase (PHO5) promoter, a 2-micron plasmid replication origin, transcription termination signals, and a selectable TRP1 gene. Plasmid pYBDT-10 contained the entire tPA(More)
Tumour cells transfected with cDNAs encoding non-self proteins were used to investigate the ability of the immune system to respond to immunogenic antigens expressed by tumours. Secreted, intracellular and surface proteins were used as model antigens, as these reflect the potential forms of tumour antigens. Syngeneic BALB/c mice injected with viable line 1(More)
The comparative infectivity of Harvey murine sarcoma virus (Ha-MuSV) DNA for NIH 3T3 cells was determined for supercoiled Ha-MuSV DNA molecularly cloned in lambda phage and pBR322 at its unique EcoRI site (which is located near the middle of the 6-kilobase pair [kbp] unintegrated linear viral DNA) and for two cloned subgenomic fragments: one was 3.8 kbp and(More)
A soluble extract prepared from HeLa cell nuclei has been shown to catalyze the 5'-terminal modification of RNA and synthetic polyribonucleotides to form m7G(5')pppA-and m7G(5')-pppG- structures referred to as caps. The reaction involves the transfer of a GMP moiety from GTP to the 5' end of an RNA molecule containing at least two terminal phosphates.(More)
Oncostatin M is a polypeptide of Mr approximately 28,000 that acts as a growth regulator for many cultured mammalian cells. We report the cDNA and genomic cloning, sequence analysis, and functional expression in heterologous cells of oncostatin M. cDNA clones were isolated from mRNA of U937 cells that had been induced to differentiate into macrophagelike(More)