Cecilia Sundberg

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During composting of household waste, the acidity of the material affects the process during the initial phase of rising temperature. In this study, the effects of temperature (36-46 degrees C) and pH (4.6-9.2) on the respiration rate during the early phase of composting were investigated in two different composts. A respiration method where small compost(More)
The effects of different process temperatures (40, 55, and 67 degrees C) during composting of source-separated household waste were studied in a 200 L compost reactor at an oxygen concentration of 16%. The overall decomposition measured as carbon mineralization, decomposition of different carbon constituents, and the dynamics of nitrogen mineralization and(More)
Large-scale composting of source-separated household waste has expanded in recent years in the Nordic countries. One problem can be low pH at the start of the process. Incoming biowaste at four composting plants was characterised chemically, physically and microbiologically. The pH of food waste ranged from 4.7 to 6.1 and organic acid concentration from 24(More)
Inhibition of the degradation during low pH conditions has been observed in fed-batch composting systems. To analyse this phenomenon, fed-batch composting of food waste with different amounts of starting culture was examined in laboratory reactor experiments. Changes in temperature, carbon dioxide evolution, pH, solids, ash and short chain organic acids(More)
AIMS To monitor emissions of NH(3) and N(2)O during composting and link these to ammonia oxidation rates and the community structure of ammonia oxidizing bacteria (AOB). METHODS AND RESULTS A laboratory-scale compost reactor treating organic household waste was run for 2 months. NH(3) emissions peaked when pH started to increase. Small amounts of N(2)O(More)
Background: The vast majority of households in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) depend on wood energy—comprising firewood and charcoal—for their daily energetic needs. Such consumption trends are expected to remain a common feature of SSA’s wood energy production and supply chains, at least in the shortto medium-terms. Notwithstanding its importance, wood energy(More)
Composting of source separated municipal biowaste has at several plants in Scandinavia been hampered by low pH. In this study the hypothesis that increased aeration would improve the process was tested in full-scale experiments at two large composting plants. The O2 concentrations were high (>15%) even at the low aeration rates, so the prevailing low pH was(More)
A major problem for composting plants is odour emission. Slow decomposition during prolonged low-pH conditions is a frequent process problem in food waste composting. The aim was to investigate correlations between low pH, odour and microbial composition during food waste composting. Samples from laboratory composting experiments and two large scale(More)
In urine-diverting toilets, urine and faeces are collected separately so that nutrient content can be recycled unmixed. Faeces should be sanitized before use in agriculture fields due to the presence of possible enteric pathogens. Composting of human faeces with food waste was evaluated as a possible method for this treatment. Temperatures were monitored in(More)