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BACKGROUND Deletions in ITPR1, coding for the inositol-triphosphate receptor type 1, have been recently identified in spinocerebellar ataxia type 15 (SCA15). OBJECTIVE To determine the frequency and the phenotypical spectrum of SCA15. DESIGN Taqman polymerase chain reaction (258 index cases) or single-nucleotide polymorphism genome-wide genotyping (75(More)
BACKGROUND Friedreich ataxia (FA) is the most frequent type of autosomal recessive cerebellar ataxia, occurring at a mean age of 16 years. Nearly 98% of patients with FA present with homozygous GAA expansions in the FXN gene. The remaining patients are compound heterozygous for an expansion and a point mutation. Patients who are compound heterozygous for an(More)
Mutations in the epsilon-sarcoglycan (SGCE) gene have been associated with DYT11 myoclonus-dystonia syndrome (MDS). The aim of this study was to characterize myoclonus in 9 patients with DYT11-MDS presenting with predominant myoclonus and mild dystonia by means of neurophysiological techniques. Variously severe multifocal myoclonus occurred in all of the(More)
BACKGROUND Spinocerebellar ataxias are dominantly inherited neurodegenerative diseases. As potential treatments for these diseases are being developed, precise knowledge of their natural history is needed. We aimed to study the long-term disease progression of the most common spinocerebellar ataxias: SCA1, SCA2, SCA3, and SCA6. Furthermore, we aimed to(More)
Adult-onset focal dystonia was the presenting sign of pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration (PKAN) in a patient with a novel homozygous missense mutation (C856T). His brother shared the same mutation and showed similar, albeit minor, motor signs, but a different behavioral profile. Both brothers had an atypical form of PKAN. The(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate disease progression and determine validity of clinical tools for therapeutic trials. DESIGN Prospective cohort study (36 months). SETTING Referral center. PATIENTS One hundred sixty-two patients with autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia and 64 with hereditary spastic paraplegia. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES The quantitative Composite(More)
A few patients with mutations in the microtubule-associated protein tau gene (MAPT), affected by frontotemporal dementia and parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17 (FTDP-17T), may clinically present with a corticobasal syndrome (CBS). We report a case of apparently sporadic CBS bearing a mutation in the MAPT gene so far associated with frontotemporal dementia(More)
INTRODUCTION Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarker ratios were never evaluated in late-onset (>65 years) behavioral variant of frontotemporal lobar degeneration (bvFTLD) versus Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS A retrospective monocentric study on 44 clinically suspected amnestic AD or bvFTLD patients with onset after 65 years and available CSF and clinical(More)
Inherited spinocerebellar ataxias (SCAs) are known to be genetically and clinically heterogeneous. Whether severity and survival are variable, however, is not known. We, therefore, studied survival and severity in 446 cases and 509 relatives with known mutations. Survival was 68 years [95% CI: 65-70] in 223 patients with polyglutamine expansions versus 80(More)