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Histone H2A.X is a replication-independent histone H2A isoprotein species that is encoded by a transcript alternatively processed at the 3' end to yield two mRNAs: a 0.6-kb mRNA ending with the stem-loop structure characteristic of the mRNAs for replication-linked histone species, and a second, polyadenylated 1.6-kb mRNA ending about 1 kb further downstream(More)
We report the evolution of an RNA aptamer to change its binding specificity. RNA aptamers that bind the free amino acid tyrosine were in vitro selected from a degenerate pool derived from a previously selected dopamine aptamer. Three independent sequences bind tyrosine in solution, the winner of the selection binding with a dissociation constant of 35(More)
A full length cDNA clone that directs the in vitro synthesis of human histone H2A isoprotein H2A.X has been isolated and sequenced. H2A.X contains 142 amino acid residues, 13 more than human H2A.1. The sequence of the first 120 residues of H2A.X is almost identical to that of human H2A.1. The sequence of the carboxy-terminal 22 residues of H2A.X is(More)
To help elucidate the factors regulating the expression of histone multigene families in proliferating cells, we asked whether the relative expression of different members of such a family was dependent upon or independent of the type of proliferating cell. This question was examined by measuring the relative expression of seven members of the human histone(More)
RNA aptamers that specifically bind dopamine have been isolated by in vitro selection from a pool of 3.4 x 10(14) different RNA molecules. One aptamer (dopa2), which dominated the selected pool, has been characterized and binds to the dopamine affinity column with a dissociation constant of 2.8 microM. The specificity of binding has been determined by(More)
Using a two-dimensional gel electrophoresis system (sodium dodecyl sulphate/acetic acid-urea-hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide) coupled with fluorography, we investigated the synthesis of H1 isoproteins in leukemic cells obtained from peripheral blood of eight children suffering from acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) (four T-ALL, three common ALL, and one(More)
Endotoxemia by bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) has been reported to affect gut motility specifically depending on Toll-like receptor 4 activation (TLR4). However, the direct impact of LPS ligation to TLR4 on human smooth muscle cells (HSMC) activity still remains to be elucidated. The present study shows that TLR4, its associated molecule MD2, and TLR2(More)
The amygdala is a brain structure considered a key node for the regulation of neuroendocrine stress response. Stress-induced response in amygdala is accomplished through neurotransmitter activation and an alteration of gene expression. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are important regulators of gene expression in the nervous system and are very well suited effectors of(More)
MicroRNAs are endogenous, noncoding RNAs crucial for the post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression. Their role in spatial memory formation, however, is poorly explored. In this study, we analyzed learning-induced microRNA expression in the hippocampus and in the ventral striatum. Among miRNAs specifically downregulated by spatial training, we(More)
The synthesis of core histone variants and of histone H1 variants was determined in fresh leukemic cells of eight patients with leukemia [seven acute lymphoblastic (ALL) and one chronic lymphocytic (CLL)], in normal lymphocytes from healthy donors or from ALL patients in complete remission. Histone variant synthesis was evaluated by incubating cells with(More)