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ACNUC is a database structure and retrieval software for use with either the GenBank or EMBL nucleic acid sequence data collections. The nucleotide and textual data furnished by both collections are each restructured into a database that allows sequence retrieval on a multi-criterion basis. The main selection criteria are: species (or higher order taxon),(More)
Neurotrophins are structurally related proteins regulating brain development and function. Molecular evolution studies of neurotrophins and their receptors are essential for understanding the mechanisms underlying the coevolution processes of these gene families and how they correlate with the increased complexity of the vertebrate nervous system. In order(More)
The present paper describes AMmtDB, a database collecting the multi-aligned sequences of vertebrate mitochondrial genes coding for proteins and tRNAs, as well as the multiple alignment of the mammalian mtDNA main regulatory region (D-loop) sequences. The genes coding for proteins are multi-aligned based on the translated sequences and both the nucleotide(More)
The evolution of the prokaryotic glutamine synthase (GS) genes, namely the GSI and GSII isoforms, has been investigated using the second codon positions, which have previously proven to behave as a good molecular clock. Our data confirm the early divergence between prokaryotic and eukaryotic GSII before the splitting between plants and animals. The(More)
MitBASE is an integrated and comprehensive database of mitochondrial DNA data which collects, under a single interface, databases for Plant, Vertebrate, Invertebrate, Human, Protist and Fungal mtDNA and a Pilot database on nuclear genes involved in mitochondrial biogenesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. MitBASE reports all available information from different(More)
In this paper we report a detailed comparative and evolutionary analysis of the sequences of constant T-cell receptor (Tcr) C gamma delta genes of artiodactyls compared to the homologous sequences of rodents and primates. Because of the frequency and physiological distribution of gamma delta T-cells in different animals, rodents and humans are defined as(More)
We present a further application of the stochastic model previously described (Lanave et al., 1984, 1985) for measuring the nucleotide substitution rate in the mammalian evolution of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). The applicability of this method depends on the validity of "stationarity conditions" (equal nucleotide frequencies at first, second and third(More)
MitBASE is an integrated and comprehensive database of mitochondrial DNA data which collects all available information from different organisms and from intraspecie variants and mutants. Research institutions from different countries are involved, each in charge of developing, collecting and annotating data for the organisms they are specialised in. The(More)
The present paper describes the improvements in MmtDB, a specialised database designed to collect Metazoa mitochondrial DNA variants. Priority in the data collection has been given to Metazoa for which a large amount of variants is available, e.g., for humans. Starting from the sequences available in the Nucleotide Sequence Databases, the redundant(More)
From the stirodont Arbacia lixula we determined the sequence of 5,127 nucleotides of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) encompassing 18 tRNAs, two complete coding genes, parts of three other coding genes, and part of the 12s ribosomal RNA (rRNA). The sequence confirms that the organization of mtDNA is conserved within echi-noids. Furthermore, it underlines the(More)