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BACKGROUND The axonal forms of Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT2) disease are a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of disorders. Mitofusin 2 gene (MFN2) mutations are the most common cause of CMT2. Complex phenotypes have been described in association with MFN2 gene mutations, including CMT2 with pyramidal features (hereditary motor and sensory(More)
Mitochondrial disorders are human genetic diseases with extremely variable clinical and genetic features. To better define them, we made a genotype-phenotype correlation in a series of 207 affected patients, and we examined most of them with six laboratory examinations (serum CK and basal lactate levels, EMG, cardiac and EEG studies, neuroradiology). We(More)
The authors measured coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) concentration in muscle biopsies from 135 patients with genetically undefined cerebellar ataxia. Thirteen patients with childhood-onset ataxia and cerebellar atrophy had markedly decreased levels of CoQ10. Associated symptoms included seizures, developmental delay, mental retardation, and pyramidal signs. These(More)
Two brothers had late-onset progressive ataxia, cerebellar atrophy, and hypergonadotropic hypogonadism associated with coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) deficiency in skeletal muscle. Both patients improved on high-dose CoQ10 supplementation, stressing the importance of CoQ10 deficiency in the differential diagnosis of cerebellar ataxia, even when onset is late.
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE Apoptosis, or programmed cell death, is an evolutionary conserved mechanism essential for morphogenesis and tissue homeostasis, but it plays an important role also in pathologic conditions, including neurologic disorders. Its execution pathway is critically regulated at the mitochondrial level. Evidence of apoptosis in muscle specimens(More)
  • K Sugie, A Yamamoto, K Murayama, S J Oh, M Takahashi, M Mora +11 others
  • 2002
BACKGROUND Danon disease is due to primary deficiency of lysosome-associated membrane protein-2. OBJECTIVE To define the clinicopathologic features of Danon disease. METHODS The features of 20 affected men and 18 affected women in 13 families with genetically confirmed Danon disease were reviewed. RESULTS All patients had cardiomyopathy, 18 of 20 male(More)
Selenoprotein N-related myopathy (SEPN1-RM) is an early-onset muscle disorder that can manifest clinically as congenital muscular dystrophy with spinal rigidity and can result in specific pathological entities such as multiminicore disease, desmin-related myopathy with Mallory body-like inclusions, and congenital fiber-type disproportion. Here we describe(More)
Carnitine palmitoyltransferase II (CPT II) deficiency is the most common inherited disorder of lipid metabolism characterized in its adult form by attacks of myalgia and myoglobinuria. We analyzed a cohort of 22 CPT II-deficient patients (representing 20 independent probands) to correlate clinical presentation and molecular data. The common p.Ser113Leu(More)
Here we report the case of a 73-year-old Italian woman affected by genetically confirmed oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD) with a negative family history. As OPMD is usually transmitted as an autosomal-dominant meiotically stable trait, this case allows us to suggest that putative de novo OPMD mutations might occur more frequently than previously(More)