Cecilia Koskinen Holm

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Decreased lipolytic effect of catecholamines in adipose tissue has repeatedly been demonstrated in obesity and may be a cause of excess accumulation of body fat. However, the mechanisms behind this lipolysis defect are unclear. The role of hormone-sensitive lipase was examined using abdominal subcutaneous adipocytes from 34 obese drug-free and otherwise(More)
Eight pairs of obese female monozygotic twins were subjected to a 4-week, very-low-calorie diet (VLCD) that induced a decrease in mean body mass index from 32.9 +/- 1.1 to 29.7 +/- 1.1 kg/m2. Infusion of the beta-adrenergic agonist, isoproterenol, induced an increase in plasma levels of nonesterified fatty acids and glycerol that was more pronounced during(More)
UNLABELLED BACKGROUND Type 2 diabetes is associated with obesity, ectopic lipid accumulation and low-grade inflammation. A dysfunctional gut microbiota has been suggested to participate in the pathogenesis of the disease. Green tea is rich in polyphenols and has previously been shown to exert beneficial metabolic effects. Lactobacillus plantarum has the(More)
BACKGROUND Rye products have previously been shown to induce comparatively low post-prandial insulin responses; irrespectively of their glycaemic indices (GI). However, the mechanism behind this lowered insulin demand remains unknown. An improved insulin economy might contribute to the benefits seen in epidemiological studies with whole grain diets on(More)
BACKGROUND Hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) is expressed predominantly in adipose tissue, where it plays an important role in catecholamine-stimulated hydrolysis of stored tri- and diglycerides, thus mobilizing fatty acids. HSL exhibits broad substrate specificity and besides acylglycerides it hydrolyzes cholesteryl esters, retinyl esters and lipoidal esters.(More)
When energy is needed, white adipose tissue (WAT) provides fatty acids (FAs) for use in peripheral tissues via stimulation of fat cell lipolysis. FAs have been postulated to play a critical role in the development of obesity-induced insulin resistance, a major risk factor for diabetes and cardiovascular disease. However, whether and how chronic inhibition(More)
Hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) catalyzes the rate-limiting step in adipocyte lipolysis. The activity of HSL is thought to be primarily regulated by reversible phosphorylation. However, the regulation of HSL activity by pre-translational mechanisms has been poorly studied. The present studies were undertaken to explore the relationship between the levels of(More)
The selective mobilization of fatty acids from white fat cells depends on their molecular structure, in particular the degree of unsaturation. The present study was designed to examine if the release of fatty acids by hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) in vitro i) is influenced by the amount of unsaturation, ii) depends on the temperature, and iii) could(More)
For the working muscle there are a number of fuels available for oxidative metabolism, including glycogen, glucose, and nonesterified fatty acids. Nonesterified fatty acids originate from lipolysis in white adipose tissue, hydrolysis of VLDL triglycerides, or hydrolysis of intramyocellular triglyceride stores. A key enzyme in the mobilization of fatty acids(More)
BACKGROUND Hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) is a key enzyme in the mobilization of fatty acids from stored triacylglycerols. Its activity is regulated by reversible protein phosphorylation. In rat HSL Ser563, Ser659 and Ser660 have been shown to be phosphorylated by protein kinase A (PKA) in vitro as well as in vivo. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS In this(More)