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Decreased lipolytic effect of catecholamines in adipose tissue has repeatedly been demonstrated in obesity and may be a cause of excess accumulation of body fat. However, the mechanisms behind this lipolysis defect are unclear. The role of hormone-sensitive lipase was examined using abdominal subcutaneous adipocytes from 34 obese drug-free and otherwise(More)
The denatured catalytic polypeptide of mouse brain (Na+ + K+)-adenosine triphosphatase(ATPase) was separated from microsomal membranes on polyacrylamide gels and used as an immunogen. The antiserum, characterized by immunoblots, recognizes the polypeptide corresponding to the catalytic unit in various fractions of mouse brain and cross-reacts with the(More)
UNLABELLED BACKGROUND Type 2 diabetes is associated with obesity, ectopic lipid accumulation and low-grade inflammation. A dysfunctional gut microbiota has been suggested to participate in the pathogenesis of the disease. Green tea is rich in polyphenols and has previously been shown to exert beneficial metabolic effects. Lactobacillus plantarum has the(More)
Eight pairs of obese female monozygotic twins were subjected to a 4-week, very-low-calorie diet (VLCD) that induced a decrease in mean body mass index from 32.9 +/- 1.1 to 29.7 +/- 1.1 kg/m2. Infusion of the beta-adrenergic agonist, isoproterenol, induced an increase in plasma levels of nonesterified fatty acids and glycerol that was more pronounced during(More)
A method to continuously separate different particle types in a suspension is reported. Acoustic forces in a standing wave field were utilized to discriminate lipid particles from erythrocytes in whole blood. The presented technology proposes a new method of cleaning, i.e. removing lipid emboli from, shed blood recovered during cardiac surgery. Blood(More)
BACKGROUND Rye products have previously been shown to induce comparatively low post-prandial insulin responses; irrespectively of their glycaemic indices (GI). However, the mechanism behind this lowered insulin demand remains unknown. An improved insulin economy might contribute to the benefits seen in epidemiological studies with whole grain diets on(More)
Lipids may serve as coupling factors in K(ATP)-independent glucose sensing in beta-cells. We have previously demonstrated that beta-cells harbor lipase activities, one of which is the hormone-sensitive lipase. Whether beta-cell lipases are critical for glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) by providing lipid-derived signals from endogenous lipids is(More)
When energy is needed, white adipose tissue (WAT) provides fatty acids (FAs) for use in peripheral tissues via stimulation of fat cell lipolysis. FAs have been postulated to play a critical role in the development of obesity-induced insulin resistance, a major risk factor for diabetes and cardiovascular disease. However, whether and how chronic inhibition(More)
BACKGROUND Hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) is expressed predominantly in adipose tissue, where it plays an important role in catecholamine-stimulated hydrolysis of stored tri- and diglycerides, thus mobilizing fatty acids. HSL exhibits broad substrate specificity and besides acylglycerides it hydrolyzes cholesteryl esters, retinyl esters and lipoidal esters.(More)
Hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) catalyzes the rate-limiting step in adipocyte lipolysis. The activity of HSL is thought to be primarily regulated by reversible phosphorylation. However, the regulation of HSL activity by pre-translational mechanisms has been poorly studied. The present studies were undertaken to explore the relationship between the levels of(More)