Cecilia Hidalgo

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The calcium dependence of ryanodine-sensitive single calcium channels was studied after fusing with planar lipid bilayers sarcoendoplasmic reticulum vesicles isolated from excitable tissues. Native channels from mammalian or amphibian skeletal muscle displayed three different calcium dependencies, cardiac (C), mammalian skeletal (MS), and low fractional(More)
Ryanodine receptors (RyR) amplify activity-dependent calcium influx via calcium-induced calcium release. Calcium signals trigger postsynaptic pathways in hippocampal neurons that underlie synaptic plasticity, learning, and memory. Recent evidence supports a role of the RyR2 and RyR3 isoforms in these processes. Along with calcium signals, brain-derived(More)
We have analyzed the effects of the endogenous redoxactive agents S-nitrosoglutathione and glutathione disulfide, and the NO donor NOR-3, on calcium release kinetics mediated by ryanodine receptor channels. Incubation of triad-enriched sarcoplasmic reticulum vesicles isolated from mammalian skeletal muscle with these three agents elicits different(More)
AIMS In cells, mitochondria are organized as a network of interconnected organelles that fluctuate between fission and fusion events (mitochondrial dynamics). This process is associated with cell death. We investigated whether activation of apoptosis with ceramides affects mitochondrial dynamics and promotes mitochondrial fission in cardiomyocytes. (More)
Studies done many years ago established unequivocally the key role of calcium as a universal second messenger. In contrast, the second messenger roles of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species have emerged only recently. Therefore, their contributions to physiological cell signaling pathways have not yet become universally accepted, and many biological(More)
AIM Our objective was to investigate in cardiac muscle the contribution of NADPH oxidase to (a) ryanodine receptor-2 (RyR2) S-glutathionylation and (b) the preconditioning effects of exercise and tachycardia on infarct size following coronary artery occlusion. METHODS AND RESULTS We measured NADPH oxidase activity, RyR2 S-glutathionylation, and calcium(More)
We report here the presence of an NADPH oxidase (NOX) activity both in intact and in isolated transverse tubules and in triads isolated from mammalian skeletal muscle, as established by immunochemical, enzymatic, and pharmacological criteria. Immunohistochemical determinations with NOX antibodies showed that the gp91(phox) membrane subunit and the(More)
Calcium release mediated by the ryanodine receptors (RyR) Ca2+ release channels is required for muscle contraction and contributes to neuronal plasticity. In particular, Ca2+ activation of RyR-mediated Ca2+ release can amplify and propagate Ca2+ signals initially generated by Ca2+ entry into cells. Redox modulation of RyR function by a variety of(More)
Iron is essential for crucial neuronal functions but is also highly toxic in excess. Neurons acquire iron through transferrin receptor-mediated endocytosis and via the divalent metal transporter 1 (DMT1). The N-terminus (1A, 1B) and C-terminus (+IRE, −IRE) splice variants of DMT1 originate four protein isoforms, all of which supply iron to cells. Diverse(More)
Addition of membrane vesicles prepared from transverse tubule (T-tubule) membranes of rabbit skeletal muscle to the aqueous phase of a planar lipid bilayer induces a stepwise increase in conductance. This conductance is both voltage and Ca2+ dependent. At 1 mM Ca2+, the steady-state conductance is maximal at voltages higher than +20 mV and decreases for(More)