Cecilia Helena Vieira Franco Godoy Carvalhães

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OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of carbapenemases in a Klebsiella pneumoniae collection and the performance of the modified Hodge test (MHT) to correctly identify this phenotype. METHODS Twenty-eight K. pneumoniae clinical isolates with reduced susceptibility to carbapenems were evaluated. Antimicrobial susceptibility and(More)
This study evaluates the accuracy of liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF) for detecting carbapenem hydrolytic activity among SPM-1-, GIM-1-, and GES-5-producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates and OXA-143-, IMP-10-, and OXA-58-producing Acinetobacter(More)
Sir, We read with great interest the study published by Mushtaq et al.) strips compared with those of the Etest w (AB bioMérieux, Marcy l'E ´ toile, France) and agar dilution for determination of MICs using the BSAC guidelines. We recently had the opportunity to carry out a similar study that comparatively evaluated the performance of this new gradient(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumannii are major nosocomial pathogens worldwide. Both are intrinsically resistant to many drugs and are able to become resistant to virtually any antimicrobial agent. An increasing prevalence of infections caused by multidrug-resistant (MDR) isolates has been reported in many countries. The resistance mechanisms(More)
Outbreaks by carbapenem-resistant Providencia stuartii (CRPS) are rarely described. Clinical characteristics of patients with CRPS in an intensive care unit and resistance mechanisms were investigated. Carbapenemase production and/or outer membrane alterations were not detected; only CTX-M-2 and AmpC hyperproduction were noted. The outbreak was ultimately(More)
The prevalence of multidrug-resistant pathogens, especially in intensive care units, has increased and represents a great concern for medical and scientific community. Infections caused by these pathogens are associated with increased costs, length of hospitalization, and morbidity/mortality rates. The last decade was marked by the spread of carbapenem(More)
OBJECTIVES Recently, matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) was successfully applied for the detection of carbapenemase activity directly from Gram-negative colonies. Based on this principle, we evaluated the performance of MALDI-TOF MS for rapid detection of carbapenemase activity directly from positive(More)
OBJECTIVE The main objective of this study was to comparatively evaluate the performance of M.I.C.E. and Etest methodologies to that of agar dilution for determining the antimicrobial susceptibility profile of oxacillin-resistant Staphylococcus spp. METHODS A total of 100 oxacillin-resistant Staphylococcus spp. isolates were collected from hospitalized(More)