Cecilia B. Conde

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During the past decade enormous advances have been made in our understanding of the basic molecular machinery that is involved in the development of neuronal polarity. Far from being mere structural elements, microtubules are emerging as key determinants of neuronal polarity. Here we review the current understanding of the regulation of microtubule(More)
Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) patients carry contractions of the D4Z4-tandem repeat array on chromosome 4q35. Decrease in D4Z4 copy number is thought to alter a chromatin structure and activate expression of neighboring genes. D4Z4 contains a putative double-homeobox gene called DUX4. We identified DUX4 mRNAs in cells transfected with(More)
In non-neuronal cells, inactivation of protein kinase D (PKD) blocks fission of trans-Golgi network (TGN) transport carriers, inducing the appearance of long tubules filled with cargo. We now report on the function of PKD1 in neuronal protein trafficking. In cultured hippocampal pyramidal cells, the transferrin receptor (TfR) and the low-density(More)
c-Fos, a transcription factor that constitutes DNA-binding AP-1 complexes, regulates gene expression that promotes long-lasting cellular changes. We show that, in addition to its transcription factor activity, c-Fos regulates the metabolism of phospholipids cytoplasmically by an AP-1-independent activity. Two waves of c-Fos expression that promote(More)
The highly dynamic remodeling and cross talk of the microtubule and actin cytoskeleton support neuronal morphogenesis. Small RhoGTPases family members have emerged as crucial regulators of cytoskeletal dynamics. In this review we will comprehensively analyze findings that support the participation of RhoA, Rac, Cdc42, and TC10 in different neuronal(More)
Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy 1A (LGMD1A [MIM 159000]) is an autosomal dominant form of muscular dystrophy characterized by adult onset of proximal weakness progressing to distal muscle weakness. We have reported elsewhere a mutation in the myotilin gene in a large, North American family of German descent. Here, we report the mutation screening of an(More)
Coordinated microtubule and microfilament changes are essential for the morphological development of neurons; however, little is know about the underlying molecular machinery linking these two cytoskeletal systems. Similarly, the indispensable role of RhoGTPase family proteins has been demonstrated, but it is unknown how their activities are specifically(More)
Tctex-1, a light-chain component of the cytoplasmic dynein motor complex, can function independently of dynein to regulate multiple steps in neuronal development. However, how dynein-associated and dynein-free pools of Tctex-1 are maintained in the cell is not known. Tctex-1 was recently identified as a Gbetagamma-binding protein and shown to be identical(More)
PTP1B is an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) anchored enzyme whose access to substrates is partly dependent on the ER distribution and dynamics. One of these substrates, the protein tyrosine kinase Src, has been found in the cytosol, endosomes, and plasma membrane. Here we analyzed where PTP1B and Src physically interact in intact cells, by bimolecular(More)
Neuronal cells are characterized by the presence of two confined domains, which are different in their cellular properties, biochemical functions and molecular identity. The generation of asymmetric domains in neurons should logically require specialized membrane trafficking to both promote neurite outgrowth and differential distribution of components.(More)