Learn More
During the past decade enormous advances have been made in our understanding of the basic molecular machinery that is involved in the development of neuronal polarity. Far from being mere structural elements, microtubules are emerging as key determinants of neuronal polarity. Here we review the current understanding of the regulation of microtubule(More)
In non-neuronal cells, inactivation of protein kinase D (PKD) blocks fission of trans-Golgi network (TGN) transport carriers, inducing the appearance of long tubules filled with cargo. We now report on the function of PKD1 in neuronal protein trafficking. In cultured hippocampal pyramidal cells, the transferrin receptor (TfR) and the low-density(More)
Coordinated microtubule and microfilament changes are essential for the morphological development of neurons; however, little is know about the underlying molecular machinery linking these two cytoskeletal systems. Similarly, the indispensable role of RhoGTPase family proteins has been demonstrated, but it is unknown how their activities are specifically(More)
Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) patients carry contractions of the D4Z4-tandem repeat array on chromosome 4q35. Decrease in D4Z4 copy number is thought to alter a chromatin structure and activate expression of neighboring genes. D4Z4 contains a putative double-homeobox gene called DUX4. We identified DUX4 mRNAs in cells transfected with(More)
Retina photoreceptor and ganglion cells isolated from chicks that in vivo were exposed to light have a different phospholipid labeling capacity than those from chicks in the dark. In the light exposed animals, the phospholipid labeling in the ganglion cells is higher (Delta% 45, p<0.005) than in those maintained in the dark, whereas in the photoreceptor(More)
The neuronal Golgi apparatus (GA) localizes to the perinuclear region and dendrites as tubulo-vesicular structures designated Golgi outposts (GOPs). Current evidence suggests that GOPs shape dendrite morphology and serve as platforms for the local delivery of synaptic receptors. However, the mechanisms underlying GOP formation remain a mystery. Using(More)
The highly dynamic remodeling and cross talk of the microtubule and actin cytoskeleton support neuronal morphogenesis. Small RhoGTPases family members have emerged as crucial regulators of cytoskeletal dynamics. In this review we will comprehensively analyze findings that support the participation of RhoA, Rac, Cdc42, and TC10 in different neuronal(More)
Neuronal cells are characterized by the presence of two confined domains, which are different in their cellular properties, biochemical functions and molecular identity. The generation of asymmetric domains in neurons should logically require specialized membrane trafficking to both promote neurite outgrowth and differential distribution of components.(More)
Tctex-1, a light-chain component of the cytoplasmic dynein motor complex, can function independently of dynein to regulate multiple steps in neuronal development. However, how dynein-associated and dynein-free pools of Tctex-1 are maintained in the cell is not known. Tctex-1 was recently identified as a Gbetagamma-binding protein and shown to be identical(More)
RhoA and Rac play key and opposite roles during neuronal polarization. We now show that Lfc, a guanosine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF), localizes to the Golgi apparatus and growth cones of developing neurons and negatively regulates neurite sprouting and axon formation through a Rho signaling pathway. Tctex-1, a dynein light chain implicated in axon(More)