Cecilia B Albala

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BACKGROUND Obesity is considered a protective factor for osteoporosis improving bone mass and maintaining higher levels of estrogen during menopause. OBJECTIVE To determine the association of obesity with bone mineral density (BMD), and its relationship with sex hormone levels. DESIGN A case-control study in Caucasian obese and non obese postmenopausal(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to analyse the determinants and consequences of the nutrition transition in Chile and describe the related health promotion policies. DESIGN AND SETTING This is a descriptive, population-based study including data on demographic, diet, nutrition and biomedical related variables. Data came from the Food and(More)
BACKGROUND Folate depletion is associated with an increased risk of colorectal carcinogenesis. A temporal association between folic acid fortification of enriched cereal grains and an increase in the incidence of colorectal cancer in the USA and Canada has, however, been recently reported. AIM To compare the rates of hospital discharges owing to colon(More)
BACKGROUND Dementia is becoming a major public health problem in Latin America (LA), yet epidemiological information on dementia remains scarce in this region. This study analyzes data from epidemiological studies on the prevalence of dementia in LA and compares the prevalence of dementia and its causes across countries in LA and attempts to clarify(More)
Latin America is undergoing a rapid demographic and nutritional transition. A recent WHO/PAHO survey on obesity in the region revealed an increasing trend in obesity as countries emerge from poverty, especially in urban areas. In contrast, in middle income countries, obesity tends to decline as income increases; this is especially so in women. Dietary(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare trends in prevalence of overweight and obesity among Chilean children using three different criteria. METHODS Descriptive cross-sectional school-based study to analyse these trends in 6-y-old boys and girls who entered first grade in 1987, 1990, 1993, 1996 and 2000. Gender-specific prevalence of overweight and obesity were determined(More)
BACKGROUND During the nutrition transition in Chile, dietary changes were marked by increased consumption of high-energy, nutrient-poor products, including sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs). Obesity is now the primary nutritional problem in posttransitional Chile. OBJECTIVE We conducted a randomized controlled trial to examine the effects on body(More)
OBJECTIVE There are few studies on anthropometry and nutritional status in large and representative samples of elderly populations in Chile and South America. We describe age and sex differences in weight, height, body mass index, knee height, waist circumference, midarm circumference, triceps skinfold thickness, arm muscle area, and calf circumference in(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the influence of ApaI, BsmI and TaqI polymorphisms of the VDR gene and HLA-DQB1* alleles in type 1 diabetic children and to assess their possible relationship with circulating levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D(3), auto-antibodies, and INFgamma/TGFbeta1 cytokines levels in Chilean cases and controls. METHODS DNA and serum samples from 216(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the frequency of fatty acid binding protein 2 (FABP2) Ala54Thr genetic polymorphism and to evaluate its association with obesity and insulin resistance in Chilean aboriginal populations. A sample of 96 urban Aymara and 111 urban Mapuche subjects aged 20–80 years were recruited for this cross-sectional study. Glucose,(More)