Cecile Itzstein

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Osteoclasts are the specialised cells that resorb bone matrix and are important both for the growth and shaping of bones throughout development as well as during the process of bone remodelling that occurs throughout life to maintain a healthy skeleton. Osteoclast formation, function and survival are tightly regulated by a network of signalling pathways,(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the function of the Hippo pathway member Yes-associated protein (Yap, gene name Yap1) in skeletal muscle fibres in vivo. Specifically we bred an inducible, skeletal muscle fibre-specific knock-in mouse model (MCK-tTA-hYAP1 S127A) to test whether the over expression of constitutively active Yap (hYAP1 S127A) is(More)
Osteoclasts are multinucleated cells that are responsible for resorption of bone, and increased activity of these cells is associated with several common bone diseases, including postmenopausal osteoporosis. Upon adhesion to bone, osteoclasts become polarized and reorganise their cytoskeleton and membrane to form unique domains including the sealing zone(More)
Podosomes are dynamic actin-rich structures composed of a dense F-actin core surrounded by a cloud of more diffuse F-actin. Src performs one or more unique functions in osteoclasts (OCLs), and podosome belts and bone resorption are impaired in the absence of Src. Using Src(-/-) OCLs, we investigated the specific functions of Src in the organization and(More)
Activating receptor activator of NF-kappaB (RANK) and TNF receptor (TNFR) promote osteoclast differentiation. A critical ligand contact site on the TNFR is partly conserved in RANK. Surface plasmon resonance studies showed that a peptide (WP9QY) that mimics this TNFR contact site and inhibits TNF-alpha-induced activity bound to RANK ligand (RANKL). Changing(More)
We previously identified functional N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) glutamate receptors in mature osteoclasts and demonstrated that they are involved in bone resorption in vitro. In the present work, we studied the expression of NMDA receptors (NMDAR) by osteoclast precursors and their role in osteoclastogenesis using two in vitro models, the murine(More)
Cbl is an adaptor protein and ubiquitin ligase that binds and is phosphorylated by the nonreceptor tyrosine kinase Src. We previously showed that the primary interaction between Src and Cbl is mediated by the Src homology domain 3 (SH3) of Src binding to proline-rich sequences of Cbl. The peptide Cbl RDLPPPPPPDRP(540-551), which corresponds to residues(More)
The murine co-culture assay is used to generate mature osteoclasts from bone marrow precursors by culturing them with osteoblasts that are stimulated with 1,25-dihydroxy vitamin D(3) and prostaglandin E(2). This assay is used particularly to analyse osteoblast-osteoclast interactions and to determine the cell type affected in knock-out or transgenic mice.(More)
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