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We report the isolation of a cDNA, FrzA (frizzled in aorta; GenBank accession No. U85945), from bovine aortic endothelium. It is the bovine counterpart of the mouse sFRP1, which encodes for a secreted protein that is homologous to the cysteine-rich domain of frizzled. Members of the frizzled family of genes have been shown to be required for tissue polarity(More)
OBJECTIVE Smooth muscle cell (SMC) migration involves interactions with extracellular matrix (ECM) and is an important process in response to arterial wall injury. We investigated the expression and the functional role of vitronectin (VN) in the response after vascular injury. METHODS VN and alpha v beta 3/beta 5 integrin expressions were investigated(More)
BACKGROUND Discrepancies between success in experimental animals with a variety of pharmacologic strategies and failure with such agents in clinical trials have raised questions concerning the mechanism of restenosis. Recent observations suggest a potential implication for the adventitial (Adv) layer in neointimal formation. METHODS The purpose of this(More)
Increased monocyte adhesion to the endothelial lining of blood vessels by cytokine-inducible adhesion proteins is a crucial event in inflammatory processes. Moreover, adherence is known to induce cytokine gene expression, suggesting a possible positive feedback mechanism. Therefore, we determined whether monocyte adhesion to endothelial cells (ECs)(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) are multipotent postnatal stem cells, involved in the treatment of ischemic vascular diseases. We investigate the ability of MSC, exposed to short-term hypoxic conditions, to participate in vascular and tissue regeneration in an in vivo model of hindlimb ischemia. Transplantation of hypoxic preconditioned murine MSC (HypMSC)(More)
Clonal populations of lineage-uncommitted pluripotent mesenchymal stem cells have been identified in prenatal avians and rodents. These cells reside in the connective tissue matrices of many organs and tissues. They demonstrate extended capabilities for self-renewal and the ability to differentiate into multiple separate tissues within the mesodermal germ(More)
Vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and its counterreceptor, the integrin very late antigen-4 (VLA-4), have recently been identified in smooth muscle cells during intimal thickening in humans and in newly forming vessels during ontogeny in mice, respectively. We examined the coexpression of VCAM-1 and the alpha 4 integrin subunit in human smooth(More)
In an attempt to discern biological (such as thrombotic or fibrinolytic) risk factors in patients developing restenosis after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, the following factors were measured prior to angiography in a population of 23 patients (20 men, 3 women, mean age 57 +/- 5 yr) treated by a successful angioplasty (gain > 20% and(More)
OBJECTIVE Frizzled A is a very recent protein expressed in the cardiovascular hood by cardiomyocytes and by endothelial cells. This protein plays key roles in vitro in vascular cell proliferation and is able to induce an in vivo angiogenic response. Regarding these properties, we assess the hypothesis that Frizzled A could act in the healing process after(More)
Angiogenesis is a complex process that includes recruitment and proliferation of mural cells-smooth muscle cells (SMC) and pericytes. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has been shown to play an important role in angiogenesis and is an endothelial cell chemoattractant. In addition, certain VEGF isoforms have been implicated in the normal formation of(More)