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We report the isolation of a cDNA, FrzA (frizzled in aorta; GenBank accession No. U85945), from bovine aortic endothelium. It is the bovine counterpart of the mouse sFRP1, which encodes for a secreted protein that is homologous to the cysteine-rich domain of frizzled. Members of the frizzled family of genes have been shown to be required for tissue polarity(More)
OBJECTIVE Studying the mechanisms of neovascularization and evaluating the effects of proangiogenic strategies require accurate analysis of the neovascular network. We sought to evaluate the contribution of the microcomputed tomography (mCT) providing high-resolution 3-dimensional (3D) structural data, to a better comprehension of the well-studied mouse(More)
We evaluated the healing potential of human fetal aorta-derived CD133(+) progenitor cells and their conditioned medium (CD133(+) CCM) in a new model of ischemic diabetic ulcer. Streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice underwent bilateral limb ischemia and wounding. One wound was covered with collagen containing 2x10(4) CD133(+) or CD133(-) cells or vehicle. The(More)
The Wnt genes encode a large family of secreted proteins that play a key role in embryonic development and tissue differentiation in many species (Rijsewijk et al., 1987; Nusse and Varmus, 1992). Genetic and biochemical studies have suggested that the frizzled proteins are cell surface receptors for Wnts (Vinson et al., 1989; Chan et al. , 1992; Bhanot et(More)
Vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), and E-selectin are inducible proteins involved in cell-cell adhesion. Immunohistochemical studies have indicated that human atherosclerotic plaques contain smooth muscle cells (SMCs) that express ICAM-1 and VCAM-1. Recently, we demonstrated that SMCs in culture express a(More)
BACKGROUND FrzA/sFRP-1, a secreted, frizzled-related protein and antagonist for the wnt/frizzled pathway, is expressed in the heart and vessels during mouse embryogenesis and adulthood. FrzA is involved in cell cycle control of vascular cells and angiogenesis. We assessed the hypothesis that FrzA could control the healing process after myocardial infarction(More)
BACKGROUND The secreted frizzled related proteins (sFRP) are soluble proteins thought to interfere with the Wnt signaling. Our group previously demonstrated that one of these members, sFRP-1/FrzA, is strongly expressed during early phases of the vascularization process in embryonic vasculature and in the endothelium of arteries and capillaries in adults and(More)
Tissue restoration is the process whereby multiple damaged cell types are replaced to restore the histoarchitecture and function to the tissue. Several theories have been proposed to explain the phenomenon of tissue restoration in amphibians and in animals belonging to higher orders. These theories include dedifferentiation of damaged tissues,(More)
RATIONALE A growing body of evidence supports the hypothesis that the Wnt/planar cell polarity (PCP) pathway regulates endothelial cell proliferation and angiogenesis, but the components that mediate this regulation remain elusive. OBJECTIVE We investigated the involvement of one of the receptors, Frizzled4 (Fzd4), in this process because its role has(More)
RATIONALE Blood vessel growth and patterning have been shown to be regulated by nerve-derived signals. Desert hedgehog (Dhh), one of the Hedgehog family members, is expressed by Schwann cells of peripheral nerves. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to investigate the contribution of Dhh to angiogenesis in the setting of ischemia. METHODS AND(More)