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We report the isolation of a cDNA, FrzA (frizzled in aorta; GenBank accession No. U85945), from bovine aortic endothelium. It is the bovine counterpart of the mouse sFRP1, which encodes for a secreted protein that is homologous to the cysteine-rich domain of frizzled. Members of the frizzled family of genes have been shown to be required for tissue polarity(More)
Vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and its counterreceptor, the integrin very late antigen-4 (VLA-4), have recently been identified in smooth muscle cells during intimal thickening in humans and in newly forming vessels during ontogeny in mice, respectively. We examined the coexpression of VCAM-1 and the alpha 4 integrin subunit in human smooth(More)
Clonal populations of lineage-uncommitted pluripotent mesenchymal stem cells have been identified in prenatal avians and rodents. These cells reside in the connective tissue matrices of many organs and tissues. They demonstrate extended capabilities for self-renewal and the ability to differentiate into multiple separate tissues within the mesodermal germ(More)
BACKGROUND Discrepancies between success in experimental animals with a variety of pharmacologic strategies and failure with such agents in clinical trials have raised questions concerning the mechanism of restenosis. Recent observations suggest a potential implication for the adventitial (Adv) layer in neointimal formation. METHODS The purpose of this(More)
PURPOSE Endothelial and smooth muscle cells interact with each other to form new blood vessels. In this review, the cellular and molecular mechanism underlying the formation of the primary vascular plexus (vasculogenesis), the sprouting of further blood vessels (angiogenesis) and their maturation via recruitment of smooth muscle cells (arteriogenesis)(More)
OBJECTIVE Frizzled A is a very recent protein expressed in the cardiovascular hood by cardiomyocytes and by endothelial cells. This protein plays key roles in vitro in vascular cell proliferation and is able to induce an in vivo angiogenic response. Regarding these properties, we assess the hypothesis that Frizzled A could act in the healing process after(More)
We evaluated the healing potential of human fetal aorta-derived CD133(+) progenitor cells and their conditioned medium (CD133(+) CCM) in a new model of ischemic diabetic ulcer. Streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice underwent bilateral limb ischemia and wounding. One wound was covered with collagen containing 2x10(4) CD133(+) or CD133(-) cells or vehicle. The(More)
Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) transplantation offers a great angiogenic opportunity in vascular regenerative medicine. The canonical Wnt/beta-catenin signaling pathway has been demonstrated to play an essential role in stem cell fate. Recently, genetic studies have implicated the Wnt/Frizzled (Fz) molecular pathway, namely Wnt7B and Fz4, in blood growth(More)
Angiogenesis is a complex process that includes recruitment and proliferation of mural cells-smooth muscle cells (SMC) and pericytes. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has been shown to play an important role in angiogenesis and is an endothelial cell chemoattractant. In addition, certain VEGF isoforms have been implicated in the normal formation of(More)
BACKGROUND FrzA/sFRP-1, a secreted, frizzled-related protein and antagonist for the wnt/frizzled pathway, is expressed in the heart and vessels during mouse embryogenesis and adulthood. FrzA is involved in cell cycle control of vascular cells and angiogenesis. We assessed the hypothesis that FrzA could control the healing process after myocardial infarction(More)