Cecile Chouquet

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BACKGROUND Memory cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) should play a key role in controlling HIV infection. The correlations between the breadth and specificities of memory CTL and virus production and disease progression are still unknown, but are of major importance for vaccine strategies. METHODS AND DESIGN One-hundred and forty-eight chronically-infected(More)
BACKGROUND Despite effective highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), some patients infected with HIV have persistently low CD4 cell counts with risk of HIV disease progression. The addition of interleukin-2, a cytokine that stimulates CD4 T lymphocyte helper cells, may benefit patients with discordant responses. METHODS A total of 72 HIV-infected(More)
BACKGROUND Inherited ichthyoses represent a group of rare skin disorders characterized by scaling, hyperkeratosis and inconstant erythema, involving most of the tegument. Epidemiology remains poorly described. This study aims to evaluate the prevalence of inherited ichthyosis (excluding very mild forms) and its different clinical forms in France. METHODS(More)
HIV-specific cytotoxic CD8(+) T-lymphocytes (CTL) appear to be the cornerstone of the immune response to HIV infection. Recent studies show that CTL activity reflects patients' anti-HIV immune status and slows disease progression. However, the dynamics of the diversity of this response also appears as a key parameter for immune control but the dynamics of(More)
The timing of mother-to-child HIV transmission is not directly observable but influences the infected child's viral and immune status in the neonatal period. A hierarchical model was developed in a Bayesian framework to 'back-calculate' the timing of HIV-1 transmission from mother to child from the virological and immunological kinetics in the infected(More)
OBJECTIVES To quantify and identify sources of within- and between-subject variability of microalbumin, N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase (NAG) and alanine aminopeptidase (AAP), three biomarkers used for early detection of renal injury, and to assess the consequences of this variability for the design and power of epidemiological studies. METHODS Urinary(More)
In information retrieval literature, understanding the users’ intents behind the queries is critically important to gain a better insight of how to select relevant results. While many studies investigated how users in general carry out exploratory health searches in digital environments, a few focused on how are the queries formulated, specifically by(More)
A large body of research work examined, from both the query side and the user behaviour side, the characteristics of medical and health-related searches. One of the core issues in medical information retrieval is diversity of tasks that lead to diversity of categories of information needs and queries. From the evaluation perspective, another related(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effect of interleukin (IL)-2 combined with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on HIV-1 pro-viral DNA quantification in HIV-1-infected patients with CD4<200/mm3. PATIENTS AND METHODS Seventy patients with CD4<200 cells/mm3 and CV<1000 copies/ml were enrolled in a 6-month randomized controlled study to evaluate the(More)