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Tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) is associated with clinical activity in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) and the development of progressive disease. Our aim was to investigate the TNF-alpha -376 polymorphism in primary progressive MS (PPMS) patients. Polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism were carried(More)
There is a long history of research into body fluid biomarkers in neurodegenerative and neuroinflammatory diseases. However, only a few biomarkers in CSF are being used in clinical practice. One of the most critical factors in CSF biomarker research is the inadequate powering of studies because of the lack of sufficient samples that can be obtained in(More)
Many patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) show cognitive and emotional disorders. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the role of contingency learning in decision-making in young, non-depressed, highly functioning patients with MS (n=21) and in matched healthy controls (n=30). Executive functions, attention, short-term memory, speed of information(More)
Tryptophan and its metabolites are of great interest in understanding the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS). The total levels of tryptophan and its metabolites, kynurenine and kynurenic acid were determined in plasma by capillary liquid chromatography electrospray ionisation tandem mass spectrometry. This is the first report of the plasma levels of(More)
Health-related quality of life measurements are gaining more importance in the study and clinical practice of multiple sclerosis. The aim of our study was the adaptation of the Multiple Sclerosis Quality of Life Instrument (MSQOL-54) in Hungarian. The study was carried out at the Department of Neurology, University of Szeged and two other multiple sclerosis(More)
By combining all the data available from the Genetic Analysis of Multiple sclerosis in EuropeanS (GAMES) project, we have been able to identify 17 microsatellite markers showing consistent evidence for apparent association. As might be expected five of these markers map within the Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) and are in LD with HLA-DRB1.(More)
BACKGROUND Familial factors influence susceptibility to multiple sclerosis (MS) but it is unknown whether there are additional effects on the natural history of the disease. METHOD We evaluated 1,083 families with > or =2 first-degree relatives with MS for concordance of age at onset, clinical course, and disease severity and investigated transmission(More)
BACKGROUND Neurofilament proteins (Nf) are highly specific biomarkers for neuronal death and axonal degeneration. As these markers become more widely used, an inter-laboratory validation study is required to identify assay criteria for high quality performance. METHODS The UmanDiagnostics NF-light (R)enzyme-linked immunoabsorbent assays (ELISA) for the(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, demyelinating disease of unknown origin. Sophisticated analytical methods have made it possible to measure small biologically active molecules at low endogenous levels, and understand their role in the network of other biologically active compounds actively involved in inflammatory and neurodegenerative processes.(More)
In the possible role for human herpesviruses (HHV) in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS) neither clear distinction between the two variants of HHV-6, nor the involvement of HHV-7 have been described. Therefore, we quantitated HHV-6 variant specific and HHV-7 reacting antibodies in the CSF of 13 patients with MS or other neurological disorders by(More)