Ce Guo

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In most cases authors are permitted to post their version of the article (e.g. in Word or Tex form) to their personal website or institutional repository. Authors requiring further information regarding Elsevier's archiving and manuscript policies are encouraged to visit: a b s t r a c t Designing a spam-filtering system that can run efficiently on heavily(More)
The study of the adhesion of millions of setae on the toes of geckos has been advanced in recent years with the emergence of new technology and measurement methods. The theory of the mechanism of adhesion by van der Waals forces is now accepted and broadly understood. However, this paper presents limitations of this theory and gives a new hypothesis of the(More)
—Ordinal analysis is a statistical method for analysing the complexity of time series. This method has been used in characterising dynamic changes in time series, with various applications such as financial risk modelling and biomedical signal processing. Ordinal pattern encoding is a fundamental calculation in ordinal analysis. It is computationally(More)
Heteroskedasticity and autocorrelation consistent (HAC) covariance matrix estimation, or HAC estimation in short, is one of the most important techniques in time series analysis and forecasting. It serves as a powerful analytical tool for hypothesis testing and model verification. However , HAC estimation for long and high-dimensional time series is(More)
Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and histological techniques were used to observe and study the setae structures of two gecko species (G. gecko and G. swinhonis) and the relationships between these structures and the adhesive forces. The SEM results showed that the setae of these two species were densely distributed in an orderly fashion, and branched(More)