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Although lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is widely used to examine immune behavior relationships there has been little consideration of the effects of low doses and the roles of sensitization and, or(More)
The effects of the bacterial endotoxins, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and muramyl dipeptide (MDP; Experiment 1), and the viral mimetic, polyinosinic: polycytidylic acid (poly I:C; Experiment 2), on the(More)
This study examined whether rats can simultaneously learn to associate lithium chloride (LiCl)-induced nausea with both contextual and intravascular taste cues. During the conditioning phase (4 days,(More)
This study examined sex differences in the establishment of lithium chloride (LiCl)-induced conditioned disgust behavior (anticipatory nausea) to a distinct context in adult male and female rats.(More)
The multi-variable locomotor activity effects of LiCl treatment in female rats were examined in a conditioned place avoidance/aversion (CPA) paradigm. In addition, the sickness effects of an LPS(More)
Acute administration of corticosterone has been shown to facilitate learning in a number of associative paradigms, including LiCl-induced conditioned taste aversion learning. The present study(More)
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