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We used a model of neuropathic pain consisting of rats with chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the sciatic nerve, in order to investigate whether endocannabinoid levels are altered in the dorsal raphe (DR) and to assess the effect of repeated treatment with(More)
The neuropathic pain model consisting of the spared nerve injury of the sciatic nerve was used in the mouse to examine whether peripheral neuropathy is capable of generating over-expression of pro-inflammatory and pro-apoptotic genes in the orbito-frontal cortex, together with allodynia and hyperalgesia. RT-PCR analysis showed increased expression of(More)
It was suggested that endocannabinoids are metabolized by cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 in the spinal cord of rats with kaolin/λ-carrageenan-induced knee inflammation, and that this mechanism contributes to the analgesic effects of COX-2 inhibitors in this experimental model. We report the development of a specific method for the identification of endocannabinoid(More)
A mouse model of neuropathic pain consisting of chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the sciatic nerve was used to examine the involvement of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in early spinal cord pro-apoptotic gene over-expression during the development of neuropathic pain. RT-PCR analysis showed increased expression of bax, apoptotic protease-activating(More)
The amygdala is a crucial area in controlling the threshold of pain and its emotional component. The present study has evaluated the effect of a metabotropic glutamate 8 receptor (mGluR8) stimulation in the central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA) on the thermoceptive threshold and on CeA serotonin (5-HT), glutamate (Glu), and GABA release in normal and(More)
Neurotrophins (NTs) belong to a family of structurally and functionally related proteins, they are the subsets of neurotrophic factors. Neurotrophins are responsible for diverse actions in the developing peripheral and central nervous systems. They are important regulators of neuronal function, affecting neuronal survival and growth. They are able to(More)
Autistic disorders (ADs) are heterogeneous neurodevelopmental disorders arised by the interaction of genes and environmental factors. Dysfunctions in social interaction and communication skills, repetitive and stereotypic verbal and non-verbal behaviours are common features of ADs. There are no defined mechanisms of pathogenesis, rendering curative therapy(More)
Plastic changes in the amygdala and limbic cortex networks have been widely shown in chronic pain. We have here investigated the role of group I metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) in the basolateral amygdala (BLA) pre-infra-limbic (PL-IL) divisions of the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) neuron connections after carrageenan-induced inflammatory pain(More)
During neuropathic pain, caspases are activated in the limbic cortex. We investigated the role of TRPV1 channels and glial caspases in the mouse prelimbic and infralimbic (PL-IL) cortex after spared nerve injury (SNI). Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, western blots, and immunfluorescence showed overexpression of several caspases in the PL-IL(More)
Autism and autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are heterogeneous complex neuro-developmental disorders characterized by dysfunctions in social interaction and communication skills. Their pathogenesis has been linked to interactions between genes and environmental factors. Consistent with the evidence of certain similarities between immune cells and neurons,(More)