Cathy Xiaoling Huang

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The 16 kDa adipokine leptin has been shown to exert direct hypertrophic effects on cultured cardiomyocytes although its role as an endogenous contributor to postinfarction remodeling and heart failure has not been determined. We therefore investigated the effect of leptin receptor blockade in vivo on hemodynamic function and cardiac hypertrophy following(More)
The recently-identified fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) protein is associated with various physiological functions including energy and body weight regulation. Ubiquitously expressed, FTO was identified in heart homogenates although its function is unknown. We studied whether FTO is specifically expressed within the cardiac myocyte and its potential(More)
The mechanism by which Na+-H+ exchange (NHE) inhibition results in attenuation and reversal of postinfarction remodelling and heart failure remains controversial. In this study, we investigated the possible contribution of mitochondrial involvement by determining the effect of the NHE-1-specific inhibitor EMD-87580 (EMD) on mitochondrial permeability(More)
In addition to inotropic effects, cardiac glycosides exert deleterious effects on the heart which limit their use for cardiac therapeutics. In this study, we determined the possible contribution of ouabain-induced iNOS stimulation to the resultant hypertrophic as well as cytotoxic effects of the glycoside on cultured adult rat ventricular myocytes. Myocytes(More)
BACKGROUND Probiotics are extensively used to promote gastrointestinal health, and emerging evidence suggests that their beneficial properties can extend beyond the local environment of the gut. Here, we determined whether oral probiotic administration can alter the progression of postinfarction heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS Rats were subjected to 6(More)
BACKGROUND A major challenge in the treatment of heart failure is the ability to reverse already-established myocardial remodeling and ventricular dysfunction, with few available pharmacological agents prescribed for the management of heart failure having demonstrated successful reversal of the remodeling and hypertrophic processes. North American ginseng(More)
The Janus kinase (JAK) system is involved in numerous cell signaling processes and is highly expressed in cardiac tissue. The JAK isoform JAK2 is activated by numerous factors known to influence cardiac function and pathologic conditions. However, although abundant, the role of JAK2 in the regulation or maintenance of cardiac homeostasis remains poorly(More)
Na(+)/H(+) exchanger 1 (NHE-1) inhibition attenuates the hypertrophic response and heart failure in various experimental models. As the hypertrophic program is rapidly initiated following insult, we investigated whether early and transient administration of a NHE-1 inhibitor will exert salutary effects on cardiomyocyte hypertrophy or heart failure using(More)
Background—A major challenge in the treatment of heart failure is the ability to reverse already established myocardial remodeling and ventricular dysfunction with few available pharmacological agents prescribed for the management of heart failure having demonstrated successful reversal of the remodeling and hypertrophic processes. North American ginseng(More)