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The chick chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) is a valuable model for evaluating angiogenesis and vasculogenesis. Our purpose was to characterize the formation of the CAM vasculature, in particular the capillary plexus, between days five and six after fertilization and to examine the mode of action of cytochalasin D and suramin on vascular development during(More)
The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that components in mainstream (MS) and sidestream (SS) cigarette smoke inhibit growth and angiogenesis using the chick chorioallantoic membrane (CAM). Varying doses of whole or gas-phase MS and SS smoke solutions were placed on day 5 CAMs, and their effects on angiogenesis were evaluated on day 6. All(More)
Sidestream cigarette smoke solution was previously screened to identify the groups of chemicals in smoke that inhibit growth and angiogenesis in the chick chorioallantoic membrane (CAM). Pyrazine and several pyrazine derivatives were identified as a major chemical group in this screen. In the current study, purified pyrazine and six pyrazine derivatives(More)
Macerase, a pectinase-containing enzyme mixture, was used to digest cell walls isolated from cultured pear cells. Following digestion, the reaction mixture was boiled to inactivate enzymes. Addition of soluble aliquots of the mixture to suspension cultures of pear cells led to a rapid and transient production of ethylene by the cells.
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