Cathy S. Madsen

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While it is well established that phenotypic modulation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) contributes to the development and progression of vascular lesions, little is known regarding the molecular mechanisms of phenotypic modulation in vivo. Here we show that vascular injury reduces transcription of VSMC differentiation marker genes, and we identify(More)
A methylation protection assay was used in a novel manner to demonstrate a specific bovine protein-mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) interaction within the organelle (in organello). The protected domain, located near the D-loop 3' end, encompasses a conserved termination-associated sequence (TAS) element which is thought to be involved in the regulation of mtDNA(More)
The mucin MUC1 is typically aberrantly glycosylated by epithelial cancer cells manifested by truncated O-linked saccharides. The resultant glycopeptide epitopes can bind cell surface major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules and are susceptible to recognition by cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs), whereas aberrantly glycosylated MUC1 protein on the tumor(More)
The goal of the present study was to determine the molecular mechanism whereby transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta) increases smooth muscle (SM) alpha-actin expression. Confluent, growth-arrested rat aortic smooth muscle cells (SMC) were transiently transfected with various SM alpha-actin promoter/chloramphenicol acetyltransferase deletion mutants and(More)
REGULATION OF SMOOTH MUSCLE CELL (SMC) GROWTH: Accelerated growth of SMC is known to play an integral role in atherosclerotic lesion formation as well as post-angioplasty restenosis, and is a characteristic feature in arteries of hypertensive patients and animals. There has thus been extensive interest in defining both positive and negative regulators of(More)
We have previously shown that maximal expression of the rat smooth muscle myosin heavy chain (SM-MHC) gene in cultured rat aortic smooth muscle cells (SMCs) required the presence of a highly conserved domain (nucleotides -1321 and -1095) that contained two positive-acting serum response factor (SRF) binding elements (CArG boxes 1 and 2) and a(More)
Using in organello footprint analysis, we demonstrate that within human placental mitochondria there is a high level of protein-DNA binding at regularly phased intervals throughout a 500-bp region encompassing the D-loop DNA origins and two promoter regions. Comparison with in vitro DNase I protection studies indicates that this protein-DNA interaction is(More)
The approximately 190-bp centromeric repeat monomers of the spur-winged lapwing (Vanellus spinosus, Charadriidae), the Chilean flamingo (Phoenicopterus chilensis, Phoenicopteridae), the sarus crane (Grus antigone, Gruidae), parrots (Psittacidae), waterfowl (Anatidae), and the merlin (Falco columbarius, Falconidae) contain elements that are interspecifically(More)
To identify cis- and trans-acting factors that regulate smooth muscle-specific gene expression, we studied the smooth muscle myosin heavy chain gene, a rigorous marker of differentiated smooth muscle. A comparison of smooth muscle myosin heavy chain promoter sequences from multiple species revealed the presence of a highly conserved 227-base pair domain(More)
Autoantibodies which bind to integral membrane proteins of brain were tested for their ability to bind to cross-reactive antigens on non-neural tissue. Both brain specific autoantibodies and antibodies which bind to cross-reactive antigens were found. There were two types of brain reactive autoantibodies which could not be adsorbed by non-neural tissue. One(More)