Cathy Ratcliffe

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PURPOSE Analysis of circulating DNA in plasma can provide a useful marker for earlier lung cancer detection. This study was designed to assess the sensitivity and specificity of a quantitative molecular assay of circulating DNA to identify patients with lung cancer and monitor their disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS The amount of plasma DNA was determined(More)
An early response to cigarette smoke is an influx of leukocytes into the lung. Alveolar epithelial type II (ATII) cells may contribute by releasing chemokines in response to cigarette smoke and neutrophil elastase (NE). Human ATII cells were purified from normal regions of lungs resected for carcinoma (n = 14). In vitro, these cells exhibited ATII cell(More)
Tumour Bank Networking presents a great challenge for oncological research as in order to carry out large-scale, multi-centre studies with minimal intrinsic bias, each tumour bank in the network must have some fundamental similarities and be using the same standardised and validated procedures. The European Human Frozen Tumour Tissue Bank (TuBaFrost) has(More)
Genomic alterations and abnormal expression of the FHIT gene at 3p14.2 have been observed in cell lines and primary tumors of the lung. To correlate FHIT locus DNA and RNA lesions with effects on Fhit protein expression, we have analyzed 11 lung cancer cell lines, 15 small cell lung carcinomas, and 38 pairs of non-small cell primary tumors and bronchial(More)
Studies using fresh-frozen tissue samples originating from different centres, as is often the case in EORTC related translational research, can show conflicting research results due to heterogeneity in the quality of samples and associated data from each centre. The development of infrastructure for the European Human Frozen Tumour Tissue Bank (TuBaFrost)(More)
TuBaFrost is the consortium responsible for the creation of a virtual European human frozen tumour tissue bank: a collection of high quality frozen residual, accurately classified tumour tissue samples, which are stored in European cancer centres and universities. This virtual tissue bank, searchable on the internet, has rules for access and use, and a code(More)
Developing a tissue bank database has become more than just logically arranging data in tables combined with a search engine. Current demand for high quality samples and data, and the ever-changing legal and ethical regulations mean that the application must reflect TuBaFrost rules and protocols for the collection, exchange and use of tissue. To ensure(More)
We have previously described a group of non-small cell lung carcinomas without morphological evidence of neo-angiogenesis. In these tumours neoplastic cells fill up the alveoli and the only vessels present appear to belong to the trapped alveolar septa. In the present study we have characterised the phenotype of the vessels present in these non-angiogenic(More)
When designing infrastructure for a networked virtual tumour bank (samples remain at the collector institutes and sample data are collected in a searchable central database), it is apparent that this can only function properly after developing an adequate set of rules for use and access. These rules must include sufficient incentives for the tissue sample(More)
A major problem in lung cancer is the lack of clinically useful tests for early diagnosis and screening of an asymptomatic population by non-invasive diagnostic procedures. Recent studies have demonstrated the possibility to detect genetic alterations in plasma or serum DNA from patients with various cancers. However, these data rely on small series of(More)