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Mismatch-repair factors have a prominent role in surveying eukaryotic DNA-replication fidelity and in ensuring correct meiotic recombination. These functions depend on MutL-homolog heterodimers with Mlh1. In humans, MLH1 mutations underlie half of hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancers (HNPCCs). Here we report crystal structures of the MutLα (Mlh1-Pms1(More)
Extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (EMMPRIN/CD147) is thought to promote tumor angiogenesis mostly through its protease-inducing function and more recently by its ability to increase tumor cell expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). In this study, we present evidence that EMMPRIN can promote angiogenesis by a direct effect on(More)
CXC chemokines are involved in chemotaxis, regulation of cell growth, induction of apoptosis and modulation of angiostatic effects. CXCL9, CXCL10, CXCL11, CXCL4 and its variant CXCL4L1 are members of the CXC chemokine family, which bind to the CXCR3 receptor to exert their biological effects. These chemokines are associated with a variety of human diseases(More)
Extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (EMMPRIN) is a membrane glycoprotein overexpressed in many cancer tissues and is known for its ability to stimulate MMP expression. In this work, we show that EMMPRIN is also a regulator of the urokinase-type plasminogen activation (uPA) system of serine proteases, thus participating to the increase of the(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the most lethal cancers. It is characterized by substantial tumor cell invasion and early-stage metastasis. We developed an in vivo model to analyze interactions between cancer and stromal cells during early stages of PDAC. METHODS Human pancreatic adenocarcinoma cells were grafted onto(More)
CXCL4 and CXCL4L1 are 2 closely related CXC chemokines that exhibit potent antiangiogenic activity. Because interactions with glycosaminoglycans play a crucial role in chemokines activity, we determined the binding parameters of CXCL4 and CXCL4L1 for heparin, heparan sulfate, and chondroitin sulfate B. We further demonstrated that the Leu67/His67(More)
Low birth weight (LBW) is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular diseases at adulthood. Nevertheless, the impact of LBW on the endothelium is not clearly established. We investigate whether LBW alters the angiogenic properties of cord blood endothelial colony forming cells (LBW-ECFCs) in 25 preterm neonates compared with 25 term neonates(More)
BACKGROUND CXCL4L1 is a highly potent anti-angiogenic and anti-tumor chemokine, and its structural information is unknown. RESULTS CXCL4L1 x-ray structure is determined, and it reveals a previously unrecognized chemokine structure adopting a novel C-terminal helix conformation. CONCLUSION The alternative helix conformation enhances the anti-angiogenic(More)
Full-length CXCL4 chemokine and a peptide derived from its carboxyl-terminal domain exhibits significant antiangiogenic and anti-tumor activity in vivo and in vitro by interacting with fibroblast growth factor (FGF). In this study we used NMR spectroscopy to characterize at a molecular level the interactions between CXCL4 (47-70) and FGF-2 identifying the(More)
An elevated level of EMMPRIN in cancer tissues have been correlated with tumor invasion in numerous cancers including oral cavity and larynx. Although EMMPRIN's effect has been generally attributed to its MMP inducing activity, we have previously demonstrated in breast cancer model that EMMPRIN can also enhance invasion by upregulating uPA. In this study,(More)