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This study examines the effects of a sour bolus (50% lemon juice, 50% barium liquid) on pharyngeal swallow measures in two groups of patients with neurogenic dysphagia. Group 1 consisted of 19 patients who had suffered at least one stroke. Group 2 consisted of 8 patients with dysphagia related to other neurogenic etiologies. All patients were selected(More)
This study examined tongue function and its relation to swallowing in 13 subjects with oral or oropharyngeal cancer treated with primary radiotherapy +/- chemotherapy and 13 age- and sex-matched control subjects. Measures of swallowing and tongue function were obtained using videofluoroscopy, pretreatment and 2 months posttreatment. Maximum isometric(More)
BACKGROUND Radiation alone or concurrent chemoradiation can result in severe swallowing disorders. This manuscript defines the swallowing disorders occurring at pretreatment and 3 and 12 months after completion of radiation or chemoradiation. METHODS Forty-eight patients (10 women and 38 men) participated in this study involving videofluorographic(More)
Concurrent manometry and videofluoroscopy were utilized to examine tongue base function during swallowing in 3 patients with head and neck cancer. Subjects were instructed in four voluntary swallow maneuvers, including the supersupraglottic swallow, effortful swallow, Mendelsohn maneuver, and tongue-hold maneuver. Peak catheter pressures (mm Hg) at the(More)
The oropharyngeal swallow of 10 patients with mild dysphagia at 3 weeks after a cerebrovascular accident (stroke), 10 normal subjects, and 8 neurologically impaired patients with moderate to severe dysphagia was studied videofluorographically to examine the effects of 2 bolus temperatures (room temperature and 33 degrees F), 2 volumes, and 2 viscosities on(More)
BACKGROUND The relationship between type of chemoradiation treatment, site of disease, and swallowing function has not been sufficiently examined in patients with head and neck cancer treated primarily with chemoradiation. METHODS Fifty-three patients with advanced-stage head and neck cancer were evaluated before and 3 months after chemoradiation(More)
The nature of swallowing problems was examined in nine patients treated primarily with external-beam radiation and adjuvant chemotherapy for newly diagnosed tumors of the head and neck. All subjects underwent videofluorographic examination of their swallowing. Three analyses were completed, including the following: observations of motility disorders,(More)
This study examined the effects of three swallow maneuvers: (1) the supraglottic swallow (voluntary closure of the vocal folds prior to the swallow); (2) the super-supraglottic swallow (airway closure at the level of the arytenoid to base of epiglottis); and (3) the Mendelsohn maneuver (voluntary prolongation of laryngeal elevation and cricopharyngeal(More)
BACKGROUND The relationship between subjective complaints of dysphagia and objective measures of swallow function in patients with cancers of the oral cavity, pharynx, or larynx, treated with radiotherapy +/- chemotherapy has not been well documented in the literature. METHODS Swallowing function in 132 patients with various lesions was evaluated using(More)
OBJECTIVE RADPLAT (concurrent selective supradose intraarterial cisplatin and external-beam irradiation) delivers extraordinarily high cisplatin concentration to head and neck structures. This study was designed to quantify and compare RADPLAT and systemic chemoradiation treatment effects on swallowing and speech. METHODS Videofluorographic swallowing(More)