Learn More
This is a review article of neuroimaging studies in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Findings from structural, biochemical, and functional studies are summarized. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) volumetric studies have consistently reported decreased hippocampal volumes in PTSD. Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy studies report decreased N-acetyl(More)
The pathway of male sexual development in mammals is initiated by SRY, a gene on the short arm of the Y chromosome. Its expression in the differentiating gonadal ridge directs testicular morphogenesis, characterized by elaboration of Müllerian inhibiting substance (MIS) and testosterone. SRY and MIS each belong to conserved gene families that function in(More)
Formation of male-specific structures and regression of female primordia are regulated in early male embryogenesis by SRY, a single-copy gene on the Y chromosome. Assignment of SRY as the testis-determining factor in eutherian mammals is supported by molecular analysis of cytogenetic sex reversal (i.e., XX males and XY females) and by complementary studies(More)
SRY, a putative transcription factor encoded by the sex-determining region of the human Y chromosome, regulates a genetic switch in male development. Impairment of this switch leads to intersex abnormalities of the newborn and is observed in association with mutations in the SRY DNA-binding domain [the high-mobility-group (HMG) box]. Here we show that the(More)
SRY, a genetic "master switch" for male development in mammals, exhibits two biochemical activities: sequence-specific recognition of duplex DNA and sequence-independent binding to the sharp angles of four-way DNA junctions. Here, we distinguish between these activities by analysis of a mutant SRY associated with human sex reversal (46, XY female with pure(More)
In the CT26 BALB/c murine model of colorectal carcinoma, depletion of regulatory T cells (Tregs) prior to tumor inoculation results in protective immunity to both CT26 and other BALB/c-derived tumors of diverse histological origin. In this paper, we show that cross-protection can be conferred by adoptively transferred CD8(+) CTLs. Other schedules for(More)
The high-mobility-group (HMG) box defines a DNA-bending motif conserved among architectural transcription factors. A "hydrophobic wedge" at the protein surface provides a mechanism of DNA bending: disruption of base stacking by insertion of a sidechain "cantilever." First described in the mammalian testis-determining factor SRY, the cantilever motif(More)