Cathy Ka Lau

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Sound transmission across a nonuniform section in an infinite duct is studied numerically using the finite element method. An impedance matched absorptive portion is added to each end of the computational domain so as to avoid the undesirable higher mode reflection that will otherwise take place there. Results suggest that the sound fields downstream of the(More)
The sound power transmission loss across duct constrictions with linearly tapered sections is studied with the finite element method. Results show that the acoustic energy distributions of transmitted waves at high frequency depend critically on the exit configuration of the constriction. The corresponding strengths of these waves are very much affected by(More)
A novel design of apparatus is described that allows observation of the coalescence stability of bubbles at a planar interface when the planar interface and the bubble surface both expand. Bubbles are introduced beneath the planar air-water interface contained within a square barrier made of perfluorocarbon rubber. The bubbles are then expanded by reducing(More)
The vortex dynamics and the sound generation by an inviscid vortex in the presence of a finite length porous material on an otherwise rigid plane are studied numerically in the present study in an attempt to understand the sound generation near the surface of a wall lining in a lined duct. The combined effects of the effective fluid density and flow(More)
The sound generated by a vortex moving across a duct section lined with porous materials and the corresponding vortex dynamics are studied numerically in the present investigation. The combined effects of the effective fluid density, the flow resistance, the length, and the thickness of the porous linings on the vortex dynamics and sound generation are(More)
The sound generated by a single vortex and by two identical vortices in the presence of a half-cylinder made of porous material mounted on a rigid horizontal plane is studied theoretically using the acoustic analogy and the matched asymptotic expansion method. Both longitudinal and transverse dipoles are observed upon the introduction of the porous(More)
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