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Asthma prevalence increased from 2001 to 2010: An estimated 25.7 million persons had asthma in 2010. Certain demographic groups had higher asthma prevalence: children aged 0–17 years, females, black persons, persons of multiple race, Puerto Rican persons, and persons with a family income below the poverty level. This report examines rates for asthma(More)
BACKGROUND Asthma is prevalent but treatable: adherence to evidence-based treatment lessens impairment and lowers the risk of future exacerbations. OBJECTIVE This report details recent trends in asthma prevalence, health care use, and mortality since 2001 and presents an overview of trends since 1980. METHODS Asthma prevalence estimates were obtained(More)
PROBLEM/CONDITION Asthma, a chronic respiratory disease with episodic symptoms, increased in prevalence during 1980-1996 in the United States. Asthma has been the focus of numerous provider interventions (e.g., improving adherence to asthma guidelines) and public health interventions during recent years. Although the etiology of asthma is unknown, adherence(More)
BACKGROUND Control of hyperglycemia delays or prevents complications of diabetes, but many persons with diabetes do not achieve optimal control. OBJECTIVE To compare diabetes control in patients receiving nurse case management and patients receiving usual care. DESIGN Randomized, controlled trial. SETTING Primary care clinics in a group-model health(More)
There is a high prevalence of falls in older adults. It has been recognised that a highly challenging balance and strength retraining program can reduce the incidence of falls significantly. This paper describes the design and initial evaluation of a home-based interactive technology solution to deliver a personalised, physiotherapist prescribed exercise(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the availability of effective treatment, minority children continue to experience disproportionate morbidity from asthma. Our objective was to identify and characterize racial and ethnic disparities in health-care utilization and medication usage among US children with asthma in a large multistate asthma survey. METHODS We analyzed(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine barriers to prenatal care among managed-care enrollees who receive Medicaid. METHODS In-person interviews were conducted with women 13-45 years old who were members of the Prudential HealthCare Community Plan in Memphis, Tennessee. Interview data were linked to medical chart reviews for 200 women who were currently pregnant or had(More)
OBJECTIVES We analyzed national data to estimate asthma prevalence among U.S. adults by urban-rural residence and to determine the relative contributions of sociodemographic and health behavior characteristics on the probability of reporting asthma. METHODS We linked the 2005 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) to Urban Influence Codes(More)
INTRODUCTION Mammography has been shown to reduce breast cancer mortality among women 50 and older. Although mammography rates are increasing nationally, this effective screening tool remains underused. This study was conducted among 395 women who were members of a network model health maintenance organization (HMO) in Philadelphia in order to determine(More)
OBJECTIVE To measure the agreement between pediatric immunization data obtained from medical charts and data provided by parents during telephone interviews and to assess the reliability of immunization information provided during parent telephone interviews. DESIGN Medical charts reviews and telephone interviews with parents. SETTING Prudential(More)