Cathrine E. Persson

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Plasmodium sporozoites make a remarkable journey from the mosquito midgut to the mammalian liver. The sporozoite's major surface protein, circumsporozoite protein (CSP), is a multifunctional protein required for sporozoite development and likely mediates several steps of this journey. In this study, we show that CSP has two conformational states, an(More)
Malaria vaccines containing the Plasmodium falciparum Circumsporozoite protein repeat domain are undergoing human trials. There is no simple method to evaluate the effect of vaccine-induced responses on P. falciparum sporozoite infectivity. Unlike the rodent malaria Plasmodium berghei, P. falciparum sporozoites do not infect common laboratory animals and(More)
The phycobilisome rod linker genes in the two closely related cyanobacteria Synechococcus sp. PCC 6301 and Synechococcus sp. PCC 7942 were studied. Southern blot analysis showed that the genetic organization of the phycobilisome rod operon is very similar in the two strains. The phycocyanin gene pair is duplicated and separated by a region of about 2.5 kb.(More)
Thrombospondin-related anonymous protein (TRAP), a candidate malaria vaccine antigen, is required for Plasmodium sporozoite gliding motility and cell invasion. For the first time, the ability of antibodies against TRAP to inhibit sporozoite infectivity in vivo is evaluated in detail. TRAP contains an A-domain, a well-characterized adhesive motif found in(More)
About 500 million cases of malaria occur annually. However, a substantial number of patients who actually have relapsing fever (RF) Borrelia infection can be misdiagnosed with malaria due to similar manifestations and geographic distributions of the two diseases. More alarmingly, a high prevalence of concomitant infections with malaria and RF Borrelia has(More)
Evidence has been presented for the involvement of various cytokines, including interleukin (IL)-6, IL-10, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, in the pathogenesis of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Since measured plasma levels may poorly reflect in vivo production of cytokines, we adopted in situ hybridization with cDNA oligonucleotide(More)
Evidence has been presented for the involvement of IFN-gamma, IL-4 and TGF-beta in AIDS. Measured plasma levels may, however, poorly reflect in vivo production, since cytokines act auto- and paracrinally and have very short half life in plasma. In situ hybridization with complementary DNA oligonucleotide probes was used to enumerate blood mononuclear cells(More)
Thrombospondin-related anonymous protein (TRAP) is a type 1 transmembrane protein that plays an essential role in gliding motility and cell invasion by Plasmodium sporozoites. It is stored in micronemes-secretory organelles located primarily in the apical end of the parasites and is also found on the parasite surface. The mechanisms that target TRAP and(More)
Strong specific T-cell responses to human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) gp160 were induced by immunization with recombinant gp160 (rgp160). It was given as postinfection vaccination to 40 asymptomatic HIV-1 seropositive patients. The participants received 6 doses of 160 micrograms rgp160 administered intramuscularly at 0, 1, 4, 8, 17, and 26 weeks(More)
Monkey-derived hyperimmune antisera against 40 peptides, together representing the entire envelope gp120 of HIV-1LAI, were used to map antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) target regions. Four regions corresponding to amino acids 65-126, 152-230, 248-330, and 445-466 were found to contain epitopes inducing ADCC activity not only against(More)