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The aim of this study was to investigate the radiofrequency (RF) electromagnetic fields (EMF) effects on neuronal apoptosis in vitro. Primary cultured neurons from cortices of embryonic Wistar rats were exposed to a 900-MHz global system for mobile communication (GSM) RF field for 24 h in a wire-patch cell. The average-specific absorption rate (SAR) used(More)
In tauopathies such as Alzheimer's disease (AD), the molecular mechanisms of tau protein aggregation into neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) and their contribution to neurodegeneration remain not understood. It was recently demonstrated that tau, regardless of its aggregation, might represent a key mediator of neurodegeneration. Therefore, reduction of tau(More)
Tau phosphorylation is regulated by a balance between tau kinase and phosphatase activities. Disruption of this equilibrium was suggested to be at the origin of abnormal tau phosphorylation and thereby might contribute to tau aggregation. Thus, understanding the regulation modes of tau phosphorylation is of high interest in determining the possible causes(More)
Glutamate toxicity has been involved in the pathophysiology of a large variety of neurodegenerative disorders. Tau Protein is a micro-tubule-associated protein that promotes microtubule polymerization and stabilization. Phosphorylated tau protein accumulates in paired helical neurofilaments, the major constituent of neurofibrillary tangles observed in the(More)
Apoptosis is a programmed cell death that occurs during the development of the nervous system and in neurodegenerative disorders. Tau protein is a cytoskeletal component that promotes microtubule polymerization and stabilization. Apoptosis was induced in primary neuronal cultures by a prolonged exposure (16 h) to the NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate 20 microM) or(More)
In tauopathies such as Alzheimer's disease (AD), the moleccular mechanisms of tau protein agregation into neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) and their contribution to neurodegeneration are not fully understood. Recent studies indirectly demonstrated that tau, regardless of its aggregation, might represent a key mediator of neurodegeneration, especially that(More)
Neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) are classic lesions of Alzheimer's disease. NFTs are bundles of abnormally phosphorylated tau, the paired helical filaments. The initiating mechanisms of NFTs and their role in neuronal loss are still unknown. Accumulating evidence supports a role for the activation of proteolytic enzymes, caspases, in neuronal death observed(More)
Most early-onset cases of familial Alzheimer's disease (FAD) are linked to mutations in two related genes, ps1 and ps2. FAD-linked mutant PS1 alters proteolytic processing of the amyloid precursor protein and increases vulnerability to apoptosis induced by various cell stresses. In transfected cell lines, mutations in ps1 decrease the unfolded-protein(More)
Brefeldin A (BFA) is a fungus metabolite (penicillum brefeldanum) that is known to produce the disintegration of the Golgi apparatus in exposed cells, and apoptosis in various cancer cells. This study reports that in rat primary cortical cell cultures BFA also produces apoptosis assessed by the TUNEL method and DAPI (4',6-diemidino-2-phenylindole) staining.(More)
Epidemiological data testifies the increasing incidence of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Some associations were made between occidental lifestyle and development of these pathologies, moreover AD and T2DM are linked since each pathology is a causative risk factor for the other. Interestingly, autophagy, a catabolic pathway(More)