Catherine Wicker

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The mechanism by which changes in diet mediate levels of exportable enzymes and proenzymes in pancreatic tissue were studied in rats. The relative levels of mRNA coding for pancreatic amylase, lipase, procarboxypeptidases A and B, and the family of serine protease zymogens have been determined by the ability of isolated RNA to direct the synthesis of these(More)
The amount of cytoplasmic mRNAs specific for pancreatic lipase and amylase as well as transcription of the corresponding genes were investigated in rats fed a diet containing 25% sunflower oil. Concentration of lipase mRNA was actually increased by the lipid-rich carbohydrate-low diet and reached a maximum level after 2 days, but further remained constant(More)
A cDNA clone encoding an anionic form of bovine trypsinogen was isolated from a pancreatic cDNA library. The corresponding 855-nucleotide mRNA contains a short 5' noncoding region of 8 nucleotides and a long 3' noncoding region of 56 nucleotides in addition to a poly(A) tail of at least 50 nucleotides. The deduced amino acid sequence for the anionic(More)
The construction of cDNA library from calf pancreas allowed us to examine the mRNA levels of four pancreatic hydrolases (chymotrypsin, lipase, trypsin and amylase) during postnatal development in preruminant and ruminant animals. The lack of parallel variations in the levels of the enzyme specific activities suggested that protein synthesis was not(More)
The time-course response of rat pancreatic enzymes to a diet containing 25% sunflower oil was investigated. A 1.2-fold enhancement in lipase specific activity was observed as early as the first day of diet consumption and was further increased up to 1.9-fold on the 5th day. On the other hand, colipase activity was slightly decreased during the first two(More)
The effect of ingesting isocaloric and isonitrogenous diets with increasing amounts of lipid (0-30%) and consequently decreasing amounts of carbohydrates (68.7-1.25%) on the exocrine pancreas was studied in adult male Wistar rats. Pancreatic contents of chymotrypsin, lipase and colipase activity, as well as synthesis of amylase, lipase, procarboxypeptidases(More)
Continuous intravenous infusion of caerulein (0.25 micrograms X kg-1 X h-1) has recently been reported [Schick, J., Kern, H. & Scheele, G. (1984) J. Cell Biol. 99, 1569-1574] to enhance significantly the synthesis of both trypsinogen and chymotrypsinogen and to decrease that of amylase in the rat pancreas. With a view to achieving a better understanding of(More)
The pancreatic lipase and trypsin activities in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats were determined as well as the relative levels of mRNA coding for these proteins. It was found that after development of diabetes, the activities of pancreatic lipase and trypsin were significantly increased by 105% and 52%, respectively, accompanied by an increase in the(More)
A cDNA clone encoding rat pancreatic colipase was isolated using as a probe a synthetic deoxyoligonucleotide corresponding to a highly conserved amino acid sequence region in colipases from other species. The cloned messenger codes for a protein of 95 amino acids plus a signal peptide of 17 amino acids. The structure of the full-length cDNA was also(More)
Ten groups of calves were used to study the changes in activity levels and distribution of seven hydrolases in the intestinal mucosa during development and weaning. The calves in the first group were sacrificed at birth while those in the remaining nine groups were either milk-fed until slaughter on days 2, 7, 28, 56, 70, and 119; or weaned between days 28(More)