Catherine Thibier

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Oocyte and egg are suitable model systems for studying cell division since meiotic maturation resembles a G2/M transition and early embryonic divisions are precisely timed and occur without zygotic transcription. The analysis of oocytes and eggs from different species provides the opportunity to understand the roles of proteins that the critical to the(More)
Xenopus prophase oocytes reenter meiotic division in response to progesterone. The signaling pathway leading to Cdc2 activation depends on neosynthesized proteins and a decrease in PKA activity. We demonstrate that Eg2 protein, a Xenopus member of the Aurora/Ipl1 family of protein kinases, accumulates in response to progesterone and is degraded after(More)
Metaphase II arrest of Xenopus oocyte is characterized by the presence of M-phase-promoting factor (MPF) and of a microtubular spindle, both of which are stable in the presence of protein synthesis inhibitors. We studied in vivo this equilibrium state that is settled during meiotic maturation. At time of germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD), cdc2 kinase and(More)
Spatial control is a key issue in cell division. The Ran GTPase regulates several fundamental processes for cell life, largely acting through importin molecules. The best understood of these is protein import through the nuclear envelope in interphase, but roles in mitotic spindle assembly are also established. In mammalian cells, in which centrosomes are(More)
Xenopus oocytes are arrested in meiotic prophase I and resume meiotic divisions in response to progesterone. Progesterone triggers activation of M-phase promoting factor (MPF) or Cdc2-cyclin B complex and neosynthesis of Mos kinase, responsible for MAPK activation. Both Cdc2 and MAPK activities are required for the success of meiotic maturation. However,(More)
Microinjection of progesterone dissolved in paraffin oil induces the reinitiation of meiotic maturation in the Xenopus oocyte; 50% maturation is obtained when 50 nl of a 50 microM solution is microinjected into the oocyte. The kinetics of the response to microinjected progesterone are similar to the kinetics of response to externally applied hormone. When(More)
Microinjection of bacterially expressed human cdc25A protein into Xenopus prophase oocytes provokes the activation of p34cdc2 kinase and the tyrosine dephosphorylation of p34cdc2 in the presence or absence of protein synthesis. The level of p34cdc2 kinase activity then drops in parallel with the degradation of cyclin B2 and finally increases again to(More)
The total level of tubulin and the ratio of polymeric tubulin to tubulin dimer were measured by a colchicine filter-binding assay during meiotic maturation of the Xenopus oocyte. Although the total level of tubulin remains unchanged (0.12 +/- 0.03 micrograms/oocyte), the level of polymeric tubulin decreases during maturation (25% in prophase oocytes versus(More)
The basal cAMP levels of full-grown defoliculated Xenopus oocytes were shown to average 1.2 pmol per oocyte. Follicle cAMP concentration was not significantly different from that of denuded oocyte and was found, when expressed as unit of volume to be independent of follicle size. In vitro gonadotropin treatment of follicle does not affect cAMP accumulation.(More)
An extensive array of microtubules has been shown to exist in the cortex of Xenopus laevis oocytes both at the prophase I and metaphase II stages. The cortical microtubules were visualized after the oocyte cortex was squashed and immunostained using anti-tubulin antibody. They are cold- and nocodazole-sensitive; their stability to both treatments decreases(More)